33m Asses the view that religion is a major source of instability and conflict in society today |
IntroductionExplain religion, conflict and instability Show differing view of society today, modern, postmodern, late modern |
Study | Arguments FOR | Reference |
Huntington Casanova | Religion is a major source of conflict Huntington * Clash of civilisations * 7 civilisation he identifies clash due to traditionalist values * All civilisations linked to core religions * Religion can create social cohesion within civilisations but not across * Religious identity linked to civilisation, attack on identity cause conflict * Religion creates us and them relationshipsCasanova ...view middle of the document...
g. young girl bombed supermarket |
Fundamentalism | Religion is a major source of instability * Apparent increase in fundamentalism * Gidden’s, reaction to globalisation and postmodernity * At threat towards changes in society * All fundamentalist beliefs being undermined | New Christian right * Christian fundamentalism * Move America back to god * Don’t believe in abortion, divorce, sexual promiscuity, ban sex education * Used the media and networking, televangelism |
Social change | * Changes in society can lead to conflict in the church * With 10% of the population being homosexual, religion must change to support this * Also with women’s liberation, the church should change to support this * With some Christian clergy agreeing with gay marriage and women bishops, and some against, this creates conflict within the organisation | * Gay bishops has just been allowed but women bishops haven’t * This can be seen to be sexist against women * This could lead to women fighting against their oppression in the organisation |
Study | Arguments Against | Reference | Further Criticise |
Functionalist | * Religion creates stability * Totetism, strengthens relationship between individual and society * sacred and profane * Took people away from their limitless desires * Collective conscience, reinforces shared norms and values * Stability, binds us together * Social identity, group membership * Socialisation and Social control, rewards and sanctions, giving a meaning a purpose | * Things are getting better in northern Nigeria * Opposing faiths are reaching out to one another * At festival of Eid, Muslims and Christians came together at a popular roundabout * ‘peace and reconciliation roundabout’ was to be publicised * Unity schools createdExamples of functions * Collective conscience , shared religious rituals, worshipping sacred symbols * Stability, collective service, work on vulnerable groups * Social identity, symbols and clothing, baptism * Socialisation and Social control, heaven and Karma, afterlife | * If people don’t internalize the value consensus, creates instability * Atheism risen to 25%, no longer internalising * Crime shows we are not stable society * Doesn’t apply to society today Norris and Inglehart * Religion only creates stability |
Marxist | * Religion creates stability * Religion is an opium for the people * Religion uses ideologies to create false class consciousness * Promise of eternal life, suffering a virtue, justifying hierarchies, hope of supernatural intervention | * This conflict did not threaten stability of capitalism * Was rejected by pope, focus on...