Consequences of the Vietnam War
The ear in Vietnam had ended and on the 30th April 1975, the NLF took
control of Saigon and renamed it Ho Chi Minh City. President Thieu
resigned and fled the country. Vietnam became a united country and
elections were held in 1976 (20 years late). The Domino theory
continued into Laos and Cambodia but not Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia
and the Philippines. Apart from this short term effect, there many
short and long term effects on Vietnam once the Americans had left.
There a similar range of social, economic and political effects on the
Vietnam had many issues to deal with in the immediate aftermath ...view middle of the document...
800 000 children had been orphaned and 1 000 000
women had been made widows. There were also many personal tragedies
such as Napalm which burned people by melting the flesh leaving
permanent disfigurement. Americans later found that chemicals used in
the war such as Agent Orange possibly led to deformities and genetic
malfunctions, for example, children without eyes or twisted limbs or
even miscarriages. Many American GIs had unknowingly fathered
children. With the contempt the Vietnamese felt towards the Americans,
these children were generally shunned and rejected. As all wars
inevitably do, the Vietnamese war caused many illnesses and there was
a lack of these medical supplies to treat after-effects of war in
There were also many long term effects on the landscape. Bombing had
caused huge craters and destroyed hundreds of villages. Industry had
been destroyed. Forests were defoliated and crops destroyed. This
resulted in soil erosion and flooding. The land was infertile for many
years. Since Vietnam's main industry was farming, the economy was
ruined. Economic problems resulted. There was a shortage of raw
materials, there was high unemployment (as the S V army was disbanded)
farmers were forced to work on collective farms which they did not
Additional problems in Vietnam still existed in the wider long term.
There was a shortage of experienced managers and administrators to
govern Vietnam. The U.S.A. broke all links with Vietnam, including
financial aid. This meant economic recovery was slow. Vietnam joined
COMECON, which meant they received economic aid from the Soviet Union.
This helped, but economic recovery was slow. These economic problems
have both political and financial implications. The War in the U.S.A.
did not bring the war to an end. The Chinese were upset when Vietnam
joined COMECON. They were further angered when Vietnam forces invaded
Cambodia and Laos in 1978 to overthrow pro-Chinese rulers. China
invaded Vietnam in 1979 - a short war followed ( this showed the
Vietnam War had been a Nationalist rather than a Communist War) - this
showed more political problems in Vietnam. When the Cold War came to
an end I the 1980's and the Soviet Union split up, Vietnam no longer
received aid and their relations with China improved.
In the long term, Vietnam did recover and its economy has developed in
There were many social, economic and political effects on the USAafter
the war. Many of the social effects were on the returning soldiers.
American soldiers returning to the United States may not have expected
to be treated as heroes. But they certainly didn't expect to be
treated as criminals or child murderers, as they sometimes were.
Medical treatment for wounded or disabled veterans in the United
States was poor. Many found it...