This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Constitution Of Pakistan 1973 Essay

3433 words - 14 pages

Constitution of Pakistan of 1973

The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is the supreme law of Pakistan. Known as the Constitution of 1973, it was drafted by the government of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and, following additions by the opposition parties, was approved by the legislative assembly on April 10, 1973. It was Pakistan's first ever constitution by consensus unlike two earlier constitutions, the Constitution of 1956 and the Constitution of 1962.
Pakistan's constitution provides for a parliamentary system of government with the President of Pakistan as head of state and a popularly elected Prime Minister as head of government. Pakistan has a bicameral legislature that ...view middle of the document...


On assuming the presidency, General Yahya Khan acceded to popular demands by abolishing the one-unit system in West Pakistan and ordered general elections on the principle of one man, one vote. General Yahya's regime made no attempt to frame a constitution. The expectations were that a new constituent assembly would be set up by holding a free and fair election. In order to hold the proposed elections, President Yahya Khan promulgated a Legal Framework Order on 30 March 1970 that also spelled out the fundamental principles of the proposed constitution and the structure and composition of the national and provincial assemblies.
In December, 1970 elections were held simultaneously for both the national and five provincial assemblies. By any criteria, elections were free and fair.Although Mujib had been freed from prison by Ayub Khan with the aim that he would stop Bhutto from getting an abolsute majority. There was no interference from the government; it maintained strict neutrality showing no favor or discrimination for or against any political parties. The members of the ruling council of ministers were debarred from participation in the elections. There were no allegations of rigging of the elections as is often alleged in elections held in the countries of the Third World.

But the results of the first and the last general elections in united Pakistan were simply disastrous from the standpoint of national unity and demonstrated the failure of national integration. There was not a single national party in the country which enjoyed the confidence of the people of Pakistan, both East and West Pakistan. Two regional parties—the Awami League (AL) under the leadership of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in East Pakistan—won 160 out of 162 seats allotted for East Pakistan. But in West Pakistan it could not secure a single seat and the percentage of votes secured by the Awami League in the four provinces of West Pakistan were: 0.07 (Punjab), 0.07 (Sindh) 0.2 (Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (then NWFP)) and 1.0 (Baluchistan).

The Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) under the leadership of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto won 88 out of 144 seats for West Pakistan. But the PPP did not even dare to set up a candidate in East Pakistan. The remaining 57 seats of West Pakistan were shared by seven parties and there were fifteen independent candidates. The PPP emerged as the single largest party in West Pakistan with majorities in Sindh and the Punjab; and the National Awami Party (NAP) together with their political ally, Jamiat-ul Ulema-i-Islam (of Maulana Mufti Mahmood) JUI, got clear majorities in Baluchistan and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. None of the West Pakistani political parties, like the PPP, could win a single seat in East Pakistan. The religious question played little or no part in the elections. There can be no doubt that in East Pakistan the principles which won the consensus of opinion was the single basic notion of autonomy.
The Awami League had fought the elections on...

Other Essays Like Constitution of Pakistan 1973

Problems Faced by Muslim World Essay

1270 words - 6 pages 17, 2013: The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) starts door-to-door verification of voters list.[23] * February 3, 2013: President Asif Ali Zardari announced the date for the general elections in the country, between 8 March and 14 March 2013.[24] * March 31, 2013: Last date to submit the candidates' papers. Caretaker set–up According to the Constitution, the caretaker government operates in the interim period between the normal

Military Dictatorship May Be Necessary To Save Pakistan From Islamic Fundamentalism

1152 words - 5 pages . Two emotional foreign policies fused when Saudi Arabia financed Pakistan to build the "Islamic nuclear bomb" that destabilizes the region far and wide.Musharraf's coup was bloodless, and widely welcomed in long-suffering and lawless Pakistan. The Clinton administration's reaction, however, was to "seek the earliest possible restoration of democracy in Pakistan." The State Department spokesman said that " Pakistan's constitution must be respected

. Discuss the Perceptions of the Constituent Assembly Regarding the Future of Indian Polity

1696 words - 7 pages working the limited form of Parliamentary Government as established in India through the Government of India Acts of 1919 &1935. Further, the efficiency of this form of government can be put to test from time to time.  G-     Federal Polity With Strong Centre- The framers of the Indian Constitution were of the view that with the formation of separate state of Pakistan the demand for further separation will be end. Because of this

Constitution of India

1648 words - 7 pages subcontinent was under British colonial rule from 1858 to 1947. This period saw the gradual rise of the Indian independence movement to gain independence from foreign rule. The movement culminated in the formation of the Dominion of India on 15 August 1947, along with the Dominion of Pakistan. The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950, proclaiming India to be a sovereign, democratic republic

The Constitution Is A Living Document

570 words - 3 pages world include the right of a woman to have an abortion and the institution of marriage.One challenge to the Constitution today is whether a woman has a right to have an abortion. There is a question about whether or not the unborn fetus is a person and if it has rights. Since the decision of Roe v. Wade in 1973 by the Supreme Court that a woman's right to an abortion falls within the right to privacy and is protected by the Fourteenth

Democracy in Pakistan

723 words - 3 pages Gilgit Bultislan, has to face ant terror trail because he was the demanded compensation for flood victims. He was tortured and beaten brutally for organizing protests Being a sovereign Islamic republic, the constitution of Pakistan gives basic rights to its citizens. They are freedom of belief, freedom to express his views publicly freedom to have information, freedom to from association, and freedom to bear arms. But in practice that freedom

A Critical Analysis of Evolution of Cooperative Federalism and Obstacles Ahead for Its Development

2760 words - 12 pages . Present scenario of Indian democracy may be reflecting a situation in which at every issue states blame union government for breakdown of federal structure of India constitution but in the past there were numbers of instances when union tried to curve power of states or interfered into subject matter of states. In 1973 due to Mrs Indira Gandhi’s tendency to amend almost all of the constitution, in Kesavananda Bharti v State of Keralathe apex

Territorial Disputes

3273 words - 14 pages Gibraltar is not subordinate to the Government of the United Kingdom. That government, however, is responsible for defence and external affairs but has full internal self-government under its 2006 Constitution. Gibraltar is represented in the European Union, having been the only British Overseas Territory to have joined the European Economic Community under the British Treaty of Accession (1973). The government of Spain continues with an irredentist

Balochistan Issue

1519 words - 7 pages Army retaliated by destroying vast areas of Marri tribe’s land. 1969: Baloch separatists agreed to a ceasefire. Yahya Khan abolished One Unit. 1970: Balochistan was recognised as the fourth province of the then West Pakistan. 1972: The first ever elected government comprising Baloch nationalists was formed with Attaullah Mengal as CM. 1973: President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto dismissed the elected Balochistan government; this led to protests and

War on Terrorism

4158 words - 17 pages British Raj and 50 % of the FATA is still inaccessible both politically and administratively. Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) is running under article 247(1) of the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan; the executive authority of the Federation shall extend to it. During the Afghan war FATA was a centre of planning on one hand, and absorbed the overwhelming majority of Afghan refugees on the spirit of Islamic brotherhood and

Barite Processing Plant India

593 words - 3 pages cement processing plant, cement grinding machine,ball Dec 11, 2012 · cement processing plant, grinding equipment in india, pakistan, indonesia, south africa, north sudan,U.S. poland, mongolia, sudan, egypt, ksa, Phosphate Ore Processing Plant Phosphate Ore Beneficiation Plant Beneficiation of phosphate ores containing carbonate gangue minerals such as calcite and dolomite is one of the toughest Food Processing Plants, Fruit

Related Papers

Political Situation Essay

3708 words - 15 pages Pakistan and would request Centre to adopt it, but when he became Prime Minister after the death of Liaqat Ali Khan in October 51, didn’t uphold his promise. Agitation continued until Bengali was accepted as one of the state languages in 1954. Constitution Making 7. First Constituent Assembly passed “Objective Resolution” in March 49. This resolution laid down the fundamental principles of future constitution. First interim report was presented

Ayub Khan Era Essay

1156 words - 5 pages the agitation by elements within the Army and in violation of his own constitution which required him to transfer power to the speaker of the assembly, on 25 March 1969, Ayub handed over control of Pakistan to Commander in Chief General Yahya Khan . He was the President's most loyal lieutenant, and was promoted over seven more senior generals in 1966 to the army's top post. Death In 1971 when war broke out, Ayub Khan was in West Pakistan. He presented himself for fighting in war but government turned him down on account of his age and ill-health.He did not comment on the events of the war. He died in 1974

Unique Features Of Constitution Of India

557 words - 3 pages countries like Pakistan, Burma or Bangladesh were crumbling like houses of cards, our constitution stood steady like a rock. Detailed and minute Unlike other constitutions, the Indian constitution provides not only the basic law. It also provides very detailed and minute administrative provisions. A detail list of individual rights, directive principles of state policy and the details of administration procedure were laid down to make the

Case Study

4483 words - 18 pages resulting into the formation of Ad Hoc and interim management committees. The first Ad Hoc committee was formed in 1960 which lasted for three years resulting into a new constitution where President of Pakistan was given the responsibility to nominate the Board president for the duration of three years. The president was in turn given the authority to elect the executive committee from the four provincial cricket divisions and government departments