Constitution Paper

1842 words - 8 pages

Constitution Paper

According to Wikipedia (2015), “The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America. The Constitution, originally comprising seven articles, delineates the national frame of government. Its first three articles entrench the doctrine of the separation of powers, whereby the federal government is divided into three branches: the legislative, consisting of the bicameral Congress; the executive, consisting of the President; and the judicial, consisting of the Supreme Court and other federal courts. Articles Four, Five and Six entrench concepts of federalism, describing the rights and responsibilities of state governments and of the ...view middle of the document...

The actions of the British government deprived Americans of numerous rights that were guaranteed to all other British citizens. In fact, many of these rights were guaranteed as early as 1215, and since the American colonists were British citizens they had reason to expect those rights to be recognized. They were not, and in 1776, the American colonies declared independence and became the United States of America. When Americans wrote the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, they made sure to fix the problems that they thought were needing to be addressed.
There were six problems that were addressed when writing the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. The first problem being the king exercised absolute power. The US Constitution divides power among three branches of government, and there are checks and balances to make sure that no single branch gets too powerful. The second was the issue of colonials being taxed without their consent. The US Constitution gives Congress the power to tax US citizens, and US citizens are represented in Congress by representatives they elect. Thirdly, the king made war against the American colonists. This was a threat to freedoms guaranteed in the English Bill of Rights (1689). The US Constitution gives Congress the power to declare war. Troops and militia can only be used inside the US to stop an invasion, or to enforce laws passed by Congress and the President. The fourth was that the king suspended trial by jury. Both the US Constitution and the Bill of Rights guarantee the right to a fair trial. The fifth problem being that the king kept standing armies in colonies and required that citizens allow them to stay in their homes. This action was a threat to the liberties and economic welfare of the American colonists. The 3rd Amendment to the Constitution protects people from having to house soldiers during times of peace. Lastly, the king dissolved colonial legislatures because they opposed his violations of the rights of people. This action violated the colonial grants of powers and rights that the king had signed when the colonies were created. The US government can only be changed by a new constitutional convention and both the Constitution and the Bill of Rights guarantee the rights of the people ("Fixing The Problems", n.d.).
The weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation needed to be addressed as well. According to University of Phoenix National Archives (n.d.), in May 1786, Charles Pinckney of South Carolina proposed that Congress revise the Articles of Confederation. Changes that were recommended included granting Congress power over foreign and domestic commerce, and providing means for Congress to collect money from state treasuries. Unanimous approval was necessary to make the alterations, however, a consensus was not reached. The weakness of the Articles in establishing an effective unifying government was underscored by the threat of internal conflict both within and between the states,...

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