Project in Ecumenism
Paul Adrianne B. Jacinto BA-3
Name of Church: Iglesia ni Cristo
Short intro of the church (history)
Iglesia Ni Cristo is an influential political group in the Philippines. INC stood behind Ferdinand Marcos against Cory Aquino. INC members also died during the violent protest of EDSA III. Iglesia Ni Cristo is also involved in government appointments. INC was also an avid supporter of Gloria Arroyo • Pinoy refers to the Filipino people in the Philippines and overseas Filipinos around the world. This blogsite is for the Filipinos and by Filipino who loves Philippines. I am proud to be Pinoy.
Felix Manalo was born Felix Manalo Ysagun on May 10, 1886 in Sitio ...view middle of the document...
He learned many trades and crafts. Added to his skills in fishing and farming were matmaking, gold smithing, barbering, and hat-making. In his later life as a religious missionary, he often had to fall back on these skills for added finances.
There are many versions as to how Felix got disenchanted with the Catholic Church. Maybe all the versions are true. In his early teens, he became an ardent student of the Bible4 and this led to his break from the Catholic Church and his search for the “True Religion”.
He was not attracted to the Iglesia Filipino Independiente. He liked its nationalism and liberalism but felt that it was no different from the Roman Catholic Church. He was strongly attracted to the “colorum” sects of Mount Banahaw. These were mystic sects and extremely secretive. They were, literally and figuratively, underground (“colorum” means underground), holding their rites of worship in caves. But Felix discovered that the chief “prophets” were faking many of the “happenings” and were making money because of peoples’ needs to “commune with God”. He promptly disassociated himself from them to join the first of four Protestant sects he was to eventually try out, the Methodist Episcopal Church.
His choice of the Methodists resulted from seeing a Methodist pastor “rout” a Catholic priest in a public debate over “the worship of idols and icons”. He formally joined the denomination in 1904. He began formal Bible training and became an “exhorter”. Later he became a lay-preacher. His religious activities demanded much of his time and he turned over the hat and barbershop business he had set up in Parañaque over to his partner, Eusebio Suñga. He sold Bibles in his spare time to add to his finances.
His religious fervor antagonized his Catholic relatives. The “cold war” finally broke open when he used his right as eldest child to refuse to have Catholic ceremonies performed for his dying mother. This resulted in the refusal of burial in the Catholic cemetery. He then dropped the name Ysagun and adopted Manalo. Many attributed more than filial devotion to this decision. A man of the his astuteness could not miss the significance of the ‘Felix Manalo’ combination.” Felix is Latin for “happy” while Manalo is the Pilipino verb “to win”. His name could mean “Happy to Win” or “Happy Winner” or “Happy Victor”.
Soon after this incident, Manalo shifted from the Methodists to Presbyterians. No basic changes in beliefs were involved. The reasons seemed purely pragmatic. The Presbyterians had better training facilities. Some of the friends and colleagues Felix made during these times would eventually join INC. He stayed a Presbyterian for three and a half years before joining the Christian Mission sect.
This time there was a shift in convictions. The Christian Mission was a hard line sect known for uncompromising ‘Immersionist’ and ‘Restorationist’ beliefs. To them INC observers attribute many of INC’s...