This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Could Tsarism Have Saved Itself In The Last Decade Of The Xix Century And The First Decade Of The Xx Century?

1778 words - 8 pages

Tsarism was a arch-conservative government that had problems in fitting itself into the modern world and coping with its changes. Russia was catching up with the European progress and its economy and society was still very primitive. For Tsar Nicholas to change that it would take time and require knowledge a strong leader has, however the Tsar certainly was not a brilliant leader, what would make things difficult for Monarchy to survive but chances could and should not be ignored.As advised by his chief advisor Pobiedonotstev (who also became his son Nicholas' tutor) , Tsar Alexander III (1881 - 94) controlled the use of Russian language specially in schools, kept an eye on the educational ...view middle of the document...

The government interests of developing the Russian industry lied on the ideas of elaborating the military might of the Empire. Sergei Witte, an aristocrat, was the responsible for this economic reforms and development. His task was to modernise the Russian economy, always using the European Great Powers as a symbol. He was a great believer on state capitalism and took in consideration Russia's need for capital and saw loan as a solution. He encouraged foreign investment and besides limited importation, also set up taxes on foreign goods. The growth of Russian railways was considerable and done on the point of Witte's belief that it would stimulate the economy in areas concerning foreign trade.However, Witte faced many problems such as his limited freedom of action and military requirements. When a world depression hit Russia, the trade recession had bad effects on the country. Unemployment increased among the peasants who went to the big cities in hope of better wages. But Russia recovered from this period. His main problem was that the system he was fighting to save was suspicious of his actions.Stolypin was also a big character that had plans on land reform and like Witte, he was prepared to strengthen Tsarism. He was to introduce land reform in order to calm the opposition. The land prices were high and the liberation of the peasants from serfdom did not change much their conditions. Stolypin was assassinated after declaring that it required twenty years to change Russia . If the Tsarist government had supported Witte's and Stolypin's ideas of modernise and improve the economy of the country, the political and social tensions that were rising at the time would have been exterminated.As it is known, it is hard for the peasantry to plan a revolution, differently from the working class. Peasants had a hard life and lived farm from each other, what made things difficult to hold meetings. While Russia was primitive, it did not need to worry about a revolution, but since industrialisation was taking place, the government should have become more aware that some changes were essential to appease ( and thus control) the workers who had the advantage of live in cities and hold meetings.This period also caused the 'Westernisers' (liberals from educated classes) to emerge. They were called so because of their admiration for the Western democratic view, that is, a different view from the Tsar's. They tried to work with the regime of the time, having a share in politics. Tsarism could have co-operated with these liberals and saved itself, but the monarch rather let an dangerous alliance, which would cause trouble in the future, be formed: the middle class (with brain-power) joined with the masses (the great majority of Russians) to form a better government that would supply their needs and cope with their demands.Some more extreme opposition groups ('populists') were also being formed. These groups believed in redistribution of land throughout the...

Other Essays Like Could Tsarism Have Saved Itself In The Last Decade Of The XIX Century And The First Decade Of The XX Century?

Aslooking at the Present State of Affairs in India, the Birthplace of Gandhi, One Would Probably Surmise That Gandhism, Whatever the Term May Mean, Cannot Have Any Relevance in This Twenty-First...

2176 words - 9 pages Looking at the present state of affairs in India, the birthplace of Gandhi, one would probably surmise that Gandhism, whatever the term may mean, cannot have any relevance in this twenty-first century. Gandhi is rightly called the Father of the Nation because he single handedly stood up against the mighty British Empire, without any arms, and brought her independence. However, today, just after 60 years of his assassination by a fellow Indian

Focusing on Just Two External Environmental Areas from the Economic, Social, Political and Legal Environments, Analyse the Key Forces and Trends That Have Taken Place Within These Two Environmental...

781 words - 4 pages -Carlton or Rolex) target their products at more affluent, whilst other companies (Travelodge or Casio) target less wealthy. Figure 1. GDP at current market prices, 2000-2010 Another trend observed is change in consumer spending patterns. Over a century ago Ernst Engel published statements of the impact of household income changes on consumer spending behaviour and found an increase in income relative to expenditure with proportionally

The Influence of Tourism in Least Developed Countries’ Economy in the Past Decade

1206 words - 5 pages , countries enlarge their destinations. As a result of this, new resting areas are built to ensure these places have all of the necessary furniture and for other stuff, countries need to hire more employees which means the level of unemployment is decreasing in LDCs. Another sphere that is currently being developed by tourism is local businesses and their improvement on a much larger, global scale. Tourism is a great opportunity for local businesses to

To What Extent Was the Impact of the First World War Responsible for the Downfall of Tsarism in March 1917?

1720 words - 7 pages To what extent was the impact of the First World War responsible for the downfall of Tsarism in March 1917? In March 1917, Nicholas II abdicated and brought Tsarist’s three hundred year reign to an end. The issue of the Tsar’s downfall divides historians with two different viewpoints. The first perspective is that Russia was making progress, however it was solely undermined by the First World War in which the war caused massive losses, poor

Australian multiculturalism in the 21st century: In Australia of the 21st century, "White Australia" is dead and multiculturalism rules. Discuss

497 words - 2 pages large step forward in human society. For so long, people have decided to stick to the people they know and are alike to. For so long, the colour of your skin was much more than just a feature, like the colour of your hair. For so long, people have warred over racial differences and been ignorant of the true broadness of the human race, thinking that skin colour changed the person as a whole. Australia has made a leap over these walls. We have a

How Did Two Major Conflicts, the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) and the Russo-Japanese War a Decade Later, Influence Western Perceptions of Japan and Asia?

2288 words - 10 pages societies. Towards the close of the nineteenth century, ‘European confidence in the superiority of Western civilization and belief in their inescapable civilizing mission were at their zenith’. It was a common belief among Western contemporaries before the war that an Asian society could not successfully modernize itself without the edifying impact of colonialism and Western governance. Japan’s victory using its modern military over a much larger

Crime And Punishment In The Seventeenth-Century

2857 words - 12 pages mainly the import of illegal items whereas in the eighteenth century the goods smuggled into the country included tea, coffee and spices. Due to this smuggling, which was beneficial and harmless in the eighteenth century, became harmful and unbeneficial. (c) Conscientious Objectors One form of protest during the twentieth century was peaceful; it was a protest against violence itself. Conscientious Objectors refused

A Closer Examination Of Paolo Sarpi And The Uses Of Information In The Seventeenth-Century Venice

1894 words - 8 pages favorable way. This is how the French of all factions do. As soon as anything occurs concerning their interests, they report about it in print, describing it in their own favor; and even when they have no pressing need to do so, they do it all the same so as to advertise opinions which may be useful in the future. (46) As well, information could be selectively allocated to achieve certain goals: On the one hand, the exchange of information was

Evolution and philosophy have a relationship as old as the idea of evolution itself

261 words - 2 pages This is partly due to the fact that science and philosophy only separated about the time evolutionary theories were being first proposed, but also because - especially in the Darwinian context - evolution was opposed to many cherished philosophical doctrines.The first main criticisms of evolution lay in the idea that species were eternal types, and so by definition species could not change. More recently, criticisms have rested on the notion of

Architecture Of Kirkbride Buildings; Lunatic Asylums In The 19th Century

992 words - 4 pages human rights under the philosophy of Moral Treatment. She wanted to have rights for the “insane”. Her efforts led to the construction of the New Jersey State Lunatic Asylum. This was the first asylum built on the Kirkbride Plan. Moral treatment was based on humane psychosocial care or moral discipline. It emerged as an approach in the 18th century and was primarily used during the 19th century. Moral treatment was focused on social welfare

Celebirties in the 21st Century

1698 words - 7 pages regularly in headlines and in A-lister's backyards ever since. This happens to a lot of celebrities in the twenty-first century and has been murdered in some cases, like John Lennon, he was murdered by a fan Mark David Chapman after his signing of his new album. Mark Chapman shot John Lennon in the back five times. This is scary to know it could happen to even celebrities. I wouldn’t want to have fans for this reason! This is the one thing that

Related Papers

The Impact Of Technology On Music Is Overwhelming. Technological Advancements In The Last Century Have Revolutionized The Way We Make, Market And Listen To Music

540 words - 3 pages THE INFLUENCE OF TECHNOLOGY IN MUSIC BYMusic technology might be defined as any form of technology, which helps a musician to make music. The impact of technology on music is overwhelming. Technological advancements in the last century have revolutionized the way we make, market and listen to music. To be specific, the invention and evolution of samplers, synthesizers and computer technology has changed the way music is now produced.Music

Changes In The First 15 Years Of The 20th Century Europe

622 words - 3 pages First 15 years of the 20th century show the changes in the theory, and practice art, among the modern artiest in western world. First 15 years were remarkable, they compare with great and advance science and technology of same time. It was time of growing instance in western culture, and continued rapid industrial of imperial aboard, and rivalry in the Europe. During the 20th century Paris was focus of modernism. In the 19th century scientist

Will Hiv And Aids As The Black Death Of The Twenty First Century

1081 words - 5 pages Will HIV and AIDS as the Black Death of the Twenty-First Century According to an article on BBC World Service, published on 25th October, 2001, the Black Death claimed 25 million lives in Europe and Asia between the 13th and 17th century. Now nearly 400 years later the British Medical Journal reports an estimated 65 million deaths from AIDS by the end of the decade. Obviously these figures are rough estimates, however

Gulliver Disillusioned: Is Multiculturalism Dead In The Twenty First Century?

2636 words - 11 pages . Nevertheless, unlike Swift, the reader has reason to feel optimistic in light of the small successes that countries such as Canada have experienced in promoting multiculturalism. Ethnic, racial and religious conflicts are inevitable, but given the amount of cultural diffusion and mingling that is taking place in the twenty-first century, we may one day see a world where multiculturalism is the norm and not the exception. Works Cited Case, Arthur E