This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Counselling Essay

5468 words - 22 pages

MODULE 3: COUNSELLING

Learning Objectives:
At the end of this module the participants should be able to:
1. Define counselling
2. Describe counselling in an antenatal setting
3. Explain the fundamentals of the counselling role and relationship between the client and provider
4. Describe some of the key skills used in counselling
5. Discuss the application of counselling principles and skills to pre- and post-HIV test counselling
6. Discuss issues relating to self-care and well-being
7. Demonstrate counselling skills as applied to PMTCT services
Introduction
The counselling element of antenatal care presents a unique counselling situation, as ...view middle of the document...

Group education is the mainstay of providing information, education and communication, as well as clarifying issues and answers questions. Individual pre-test counselling is maintained for those women seeking more information or who have not decided. The post test counselling should maintain high standards of care in assisting the woman make her choices and decisions.
The counselling relationship between a provider and a woman, and, where possible, her partner as well, develops throughout pregnancy and the childbirth periods, and should be seen as a dynamic process.

Specific Counselling for HIV
In Zambia, opt-out policy is used. This means that HIV testing is provided as part of the routine package of care. Women are provided with group counselling, and where necessary, individual pre-test counselling.
Wherever possible, couples should be encouraged to participate together in antenatal counselling, including pre-test counselling, because the support of the partner or spouse can be so important during pregnancy and in any decisions around the issues of HIV testing, prevention and care.
Every antenatal client should be tested for HIV as part of her antenatal package, unless she chooses not to be tested. During her antenatal counselling, the client must be counselled about HIV and PMTCT, and told that her blood will be tested for HIV and syphilis as part of her routine care. If she chooses not to be tested for HIV, the counsellor should probe to understand why she chooses not to be tested and provide additional counselling as appropriate.
The strength of this opt-out approach is that it makes HIV testing part of routine care for all antenatal women. The weakness is that women who get tested may not have made a conscious choice to be tested and may not be fully prepared for her results. For this reason, providers must be sure to provide adequate counselling, and post-test counselling is especially critical.
Group counselling/health education
Care should be taken to provide this valuable service to provide information and gain the groups understanding. In the context of PMTCT in the antenatal setting, as much ground as possible should be covered in this session, as the provision of HIV testing is routine . HIV testing will be provided as part of the package of care after this session, unless the woman declines.
Pre-test Counselling
Individual pre-test counselling is not meant for every woman who is going to be tested in the Antenatal clinic. However, recognising that circumstances are more complex than in many other counselling and testing services, because of the added element of the pregnancy and expected child, some women will need more information after the group counselling. In this scenario, individual pre-test counselling is extremely important in that additional information sharing and answering of any additional questions may be addressed.
Whenever possible, couples should be counselled, tested and receive results...

Other Essays Like Counselling

Advanced Counselling Skills Essay

1603 words - 7 pages M/601/7633 Advanced Counselling Skills. 1. Understand the process of a series of counselling sessions. 1.1 - Identify the stages of a series of counselling sessions During each counselling session there should be a beginning, middle and end. All are important in their own ways, as valuable as one another and there are reasons for each. A beginning is the first stage of rapport building, it is to welcome the client, introduce you to one

Current Understanding of Counselling Essay

2131 words - 9 pages My current understanding of Counselling and Psychotherapy and its potential for change in the lives of clients. The following essay will explain my current understanding of Counselling and Psychotherapy and its potential for change in the lives of clients. As I am not a professional Counsellor or Psychotherapist I am reliant on my own personal experience and the research I have undertaken. Life is very busy for us these days. Most of the

Counselling and Education

1260 words - 6 pages Counselling and Education Richard Nelson-Jones describes the core conditions of relationship counselling to be: ‘..empathic understanding, respect for clients’ potentials to lead their own lives and congruence or genuineness. Terms like ‘active listening’ and ‘rewarding listening’ are other ways of expressing the central skills of basic helping relationships.’ (Nelson-Jones, 1997, p5) The Person-Centred approach is particularly

Need Counselling, Go for It

660 words - 3 pages stressful situation and I suffer from acute depression. The accelerator is raced up but at the same time brakes are also being applied. The vehicle cannot move and reach the destination but the engine is getting hot and it is under stress. This is a period when I am also at my heightened state of confusion. Of the various options, going for counselling then is more practical. What does a counsellor do? He will engage me in a conversation so that

Philosophy of Supervision in Counselling

2035 words - 9 pages by Richard Worsley in The Tribes Of The Person-Centred Nation (Ed: Peter Sanders Pub. PCCS Books) It is, however, viewed differently. [ 6 ]. Kadushin in 1976 named these as the functions of supervision. [ 7 ]. Referencing the 5th eye of the model [ 8 ]. Referencing Emmy Van Deurzen’s model as illustrated in Existential Perspectives On Supervision: Widening The Horizon Of Psychotherapy & Counselling Pub. Palgrave [ 9 ]. Strasser A, Strasser F

Counselling Skills Cbt and Ta

2255 words - 10 pages Stewart, Vann Joines (2002) TA Today A New Introduction to Transactional Analysis 2nd Edition Lifespace publishing, Nottingham and Chapel Hill) Robert de Board (1998) Counselling for Toads A psychological Adventure published by Roatledge Thomas A Harris MD (1973) I’m OK – you’re OK published by The Random House London http://www.goodtherapy.org/transactional-analysis.html http://www.cbtcounsellingscotland.co.uk/cms/files/what_are_the_similarities_and_difference_between_counselling_and_cbt.pdf http://www.ericberne.com/transactional-analysis/ http://www.ukessays.com/essays/psychology/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-the-person-centred-therapy-psychology-essay.php

History of Guidance and Counselling in Nigeria

2599 words - 11 pages BENUE STATE UNIVERSITY, MAKURDI FACULTY OF EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATION (B.ED GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING) COURSE CODE: EGC 101 COURSE TITLE: INTRODUCTION TO GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING ASSIGNMENT QUESTION: TRACE THE HISTORY OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING TO NIGERIA BY SUNDAY ENE MARTHA REG. NO: 45905550HA Introduction Nigeria is the most populous nation in Africa and one of the most largest in the world. She has always been in the

Discuss the Three Main Counselling Theories

2061 words - 9 pages Marc Dalal: Theory Essay Page 01 Introduction In this essay I will; describe key elements of psychodynamic theory, describe key elements of person-centered theory, describe key elements of cognitive-behavioral theory and identify the key differences between the above theories. Lastly I will conclude with my findings. Unit 2.1.1 describe the key elements of psychodynamic theory Psychodynamic theory underpins a style of counselling based on

Reflect Upon Your Understanding of Major Theoretical Counselling Approaches

1549 words - 7 pages Essay: Compare and contrast the different counselling approaches Word count 1643 1. Introduction Counselling is a relatively recent phenomenon and is currently enjoying enormous popularity (Dryden and Mytton, 1999) It is a method of talking treatment that offers people a chance to change how they feel and to live better. Counselling is about understanding the human condition riddled with contradictions. “We live in a constant

Standards in Counselling

734 words - 3 pages What are the standard ethics to be considered in counseling The effectiveness in counseling depends on counselors ability of maintaining an satisfactory standard of practice. These standards include ethics required in counseling. Different standard of ethics to be considered in counseling are: Confidentiality: when it comes to confediality, everything that is shared by the client within the four walls of that room should be kept

Lost Si Counselling

649 words - 3 pages Event oriented counseling focusing on PFC XXXX's loss of a sensitive item in a combat zone, its recovery, and actions taken to prevent future occurrences. PFC XXXX, on the evening of 22 March 2010, you left your living area and proceeded to the latrine with your weapon in hand. After completing your business there, You returned to your living area and bedded down for the night. The following morning woke awoke and began to prepare yourself

Related Papers

Counselling Essay

2295 words - 10 pages used to generate recommendations that would help gunners adjust to civilian life. Working as director of counselling services for the United Service Organization (USO) he developed a program to train others to provide nondirective counselling to returning veterans. The need for effective methods and techniques that could be quickly acquired was a priority, and client-centered therapy fit the bill. Not only had the world changed, but so too did

Counselling Children Essay

3483 words - 14 pages Counselling Children Compare and contrast two models of counselling and assess their relevance to a particular counselling setting. INTRODUCTION When counselling children it is necessary to use the correct approach and have the right setting. There are many models of counselling that can be used with young people with a positive effect. Therefore it helps to understand what model might not work with a certain child or in a

Counselling Diploma Essay

4567 words - 19 pages Imran Manzoor Level 4 Diploma in Counselling Leeds City College Assignment Unit Title: M/601/7633 Advanced Counselling Skills 1. Understand the process of a series of counselling sessions 1.1 Identify the stages of counselling sessions A counselling relationship is likened to being on a journey - a beginning, middle and end (Smallwood, 2013). During the beginning phase the client develops sufficient trust in

Culture,Diversity Andtranscultural Counselling Essay

888 words - 4 pages 13/01/16 Oswald Bennie Level 4 Diploma in Christian Counselling Learning Criteria: ( K 7.1 ) Explain, in a counselling context a working definition for culture, diversity and transcultural counselling. Culture Culture as defined in The Oxford English Dictionary ( OED ), is: ' the ideas, customs and social behaviour of a particular people or society ' (OED, 2012). Culture is a social