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Crime And Proverty Essay

726 words - 3 pages

Ebony Spivey
History
February 4, 2011
Today nearly 16 million Americans live in "deep or severe poverty." There has been a direct link between poverty and crime. Americans have yet to realize how important a balanced economy is for inner city and urban areas. The U.S. Government Accountability office released a study in 2007 proving that those in areas where poverty is ramped have fewer options in life. These poverty-stricken areas were more likely to have health issues due to inability to afford health care, risky behavior, and lack of education or advise. The severity of poverty often goes hand in hand with the amount of crimes committed. Mob-type organizations and gangs facilitate ...view middle of the document...

Ironically, as the numbers of those in extreme poverty increases so does the number of those who become wealthy.

Functionalism looks at the implications of crime and crime policies, instead of explaining the causes of criminal behavior. The functionalist approach favors repression of criminal activity while centering around the belief that crime is not a threat to social order. The theory is society needs criminal behavior in order to "function" properly. Although crime is treated as an indicator of systemic well-being, a low crime rate is not indicative of social stability. Functionalism insists that crime is a vital part of any social system. Society is compared to a human body, with interacting parts all working toward the organism functioning properly. Most criminologists treat crime as a pathological phenomenon, while functionalism views crime as a norm in terms of occurrence and consequence providing positive social functions. Deviance from the norms of society is necessary if society is to remain flexible and open to change. Where crime exists collective sentiments are flexible to take on a new form, with crime helping determine the form they will take. Durkheim's approach led to acceptance of the collection and comparison of crime statistics as a...

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