Crime And Society Essay

2245 words - 9 pages


This assignment will focus on the issues encountered in the society by service users with drug misuse problems who offend. It will look ...view middle of the document...

This increase in drug misuse led to problems with addiction as people acquired a physical dependence on these substances. Gradually after taking the drug for sometime the person acquired a tolerance so needed more and more of it to achieve the same effect. They also reached a stage where cessation of the drug in their system led to unpleasant withdrawal symptons. At this stage they are said to have acquired physical dependency on the drug.
However, this is not the only form of dependence that can arise. It is also possible to acquire a psychological dependence. This can occur particularly if a drug is used to reduce anxiety and even though no physical dependence occurs, the feeling of being without anxiety is addictive which makes the drug addictive for psychological reasons.
A lot of interest has been shown by researchers concerning what, if any, personality characteristics make an individual more susceptible to become addicted to drugs. No individual personality type has been shown to predispose a person to drug misuse; however, people who score highly in tests for social conformity are less apt to misuse drugs. On the other hand, those who as children were rated by their classmates as being impulsive, inconsiderate, lacking in ambition and with poor work habits as adults were more likely to smoke, drink alcohol or take drugs than children not described as having those characteristics.
Glen Walters (1998) concurs with this conclusion. He suggests the only positive evidence he has seen relates to some forms of early anti-social behaviour that affect a person’s future chance of abusing drugs and that this is not enough to provide a conclusive link. One must however exercise caution concerning the conclusions reached from these studies as most of this research has been conducted on people with pre-existing problems. One cannot therefore be entirely certain that the characteristic did not result from the addiction.
An obvious area to consider particularly bearing in mind that the majority of drug misuse is done by the young is the influence of and relationship with parents. Glen Walters (1998) confirms this when he quotes studies that reveal children who suffered parental rejection, either physical or mental, are more likely to indulge in deviant behaviour including drug abuse.
Parents are not the only group to have a significant influence. A person’s peers can be equally important as an encouragement to misuse drugs. The more substances a person misuses, the more friends they are likely to have who misuse substances themselves. However, again, interpretation of this can be problematic. It is difficult to know if these people have more friends who misuse drugs because they have influenced them or that the explanation is that they prefer to socialise with people with ‘pastimes’ most like their own.
Walters (1998) concurs that although it appears that people are strongly influenced by thier peers, it is difficult to provide evidence...

Other Essays Like Crime and Society

Personal Perception of Organized Crime Essay

1163 words - 5 pages power to stop this illegal activity, but it is also citizen’s duty to report it to officials. Each member of society should familiarize him or herself with the true definition of organized crime, because otherwise one may find themselves a victim of this horrendous and deceitful act

Marxist Theories (Crime and Deviance) Essay

1753 words - 8 pages Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the strength and limitations of Marxist theories in explaining crime and deviance (21 marks) Marxist theories of crime are based on conflict, as opposed to the functionalist and subcultural explanations of crime, which are based on consensus. They claim that society is divided by capitalism and there is a conflict between the upper-classes and the working-classes. They suggest that social

Intro to Crime

2000 words - 8 pages Introduction Crime is a broad topic that cannot easily be defined or measured. To fully understand crime, one must consider a wide range of crime types such as, the characteristics of offenders and victims, the various ways that crime is defined and sources of data or information about crime in our society. This essay looks at 4 major segments of modern day crime, property crime, white collar crime, violent crime and internet crime and will

Measuring Crime

2363 words - 10 pages Measuring Crime CJA/204 February 16, 2015 Measuring Crime A crime is an act that breaks a law that relates to how to behave in society. The harm caused by the act is seen to be against society as a whole, not just a specific person. More specifically, a crime is an act (something you do) or omission (something you don't do) that is against the law and punishable upon conviction. When it comes to crimes being committed, they are

The Future of Crime Theory

893 words - 4 pages The Future of Crime Theory Researchers have debated crime causation for centuries. The major reason for developing theory on crime causation is to develop appropriate and effective prevention methods (Akers & Sellers, 2004). Most theories individualize and researchers consider select influences like biological, psychological, and sociological, crime predicators. Concerned only with the nature of crime, classical crime causation theory focuses

Crime as a Social Fenomenon in the Light of Marxist Understanding

516 words - 3 pages capitalism, was a narrator of his reality. A narrator, romantic, that is, always attentive to modern drama. Karl Marx interpreted the role of the criminal as an active element in the rational societies. The criminal activity is a force that regulates the societies, which affects many areas of life, of which Marx emphasizes the role of the criminal in the economy according in the connection between crime and wider society . On the texts of Marx

Outline and Critically Assess the Key Assumptions Underpinning Approaches to Crime Prevention

3181 words - 13 pages making is that we have got not just crime itself but the fear of crime among society. The fear of crime was introduced to English society by the Conservative party in order to win the election. They use it as a tool, with a purpose to manipulate people. That time could be named as a starting point to massive development of programmes in order to prevent crime and if we talk about citizens - to protect themselves. For example, Farell and Pease

Crime and Proverty

726 words - 3 pages properly. Most criminologists treat crime as a pathological phenomenon, while functionalism views crime as a norm in terms of occurrence and consequence providing positive social functions. Deviance from the norms of society is necessary if society is to remain flexible and open to change. Where crime exists collective sentiments are flexible to take on a new form, with crime helping determine the form they will take. Durkheim's approach led to

Outline and Assess Marxist Theories of Crime

984 words - 4 pages Marxist theories of crime are based on conflict, as opposed to the functionalist and subcultural explanations of crime, which are based on consensus. They claim that society is divided by capitalism and there is a conflict between the upper-classes and the working-classes. They suggest that social inequality, as a result of capitalism, is the cause of crime. The starting point for Marxist and neo-Marxist approaches is the laws, and how the ways

Controlling Organized Crime

1829 words - 8 pages Controlling Organized CrimeIntroductionOrganized crime is as much a part of American culture as apple and baseball. Organized crime has evolved just as the rest of society has evolved, slowly but surely it exists within every state within the United States. In a historical sense, piracy on the high seas lead by infamous characters such as Black Beard is proof that to some degree crime has always paid. In modern times organized crime may express

Assess the Value of the Right Realist Approach to Crime and Deviance. (21 Marks)

684 words - 3 pages Assess the value of the right realist approach to crime and deviance. (21 marks) Right realists argue that crime today is a very real and growing problem. Right Realists argue that crime threatens society’s work ethic, social cohesion and destroys communities in society. Unlike other theories, Right realism focuses on the solutions for crime alongside the explanation of what causes crime in society, this approach also criticise labelling and

Related Papers

Personal Motive Vs. Societal Influences: The Powerful Role Played By Society In "Crime And Punishment" And "The Stranger"

1550 words - 7 pages PERSONAL MOTIVE vs. SOCIETAL INFLUENCESBourgeois society enslaves one such that any attempt to transcend the induced limitations results in self-destruction. In The Stranger by Albert Camus, Meursault's lack of a local cause, motivation, and personal means of justification for his crime offers the possibility of such an outside force pulling him towards the direction of wrongdoing. Raskolnikov of Fyodor Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment

The Nature Of Crime In Society

2071 words - 9 pages Topics Is the nature of crime in our society accurately presented in the media? Is the majority of crime in our society violent in nature? Topic 1: Is the nature of crime in our society accurately presented in the media? Word Count: 774 Over the course of the 20th century and the transition into the 21st century, media has played a pinnacle point in society. It has developed from not only a means of information but also as a source

The Benefits Of Crime In Society

758 words - 4 pages Betty Waltermire Critical Issues in Criminal Justice JUS-250 March 22, 2014 The Benefits of Crime in Society There is no place on earth that is totally crime free. Crime is in every community, neighborhood and society in the world. No one is crime free, just because you do not know of crime in your neighborhood does not mean that it is not close by and waiting for

Controlling Organized Crime Paper

1142 words - 5 pages from society in the support of the illicit goods and services provided by organized crime, society still looks upon law enforcement to control these enterprises. Organized crime may never be stopped in its entirety, but it must be controlled because of the lasting effect it has on American society. Controlling Organized Crime Paper Problems Presented and Relationships Established One problem presented is the absence of agreement on the