Crime Data Comparison
University of Phoenix
CJA 314: Criminology
Crime Data Comparison
The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) is a voluntary program that provides nationwide crime statistics based off information provided by law enforcement agencies across the country. The UCR collects data on a number of different crimes to include burglary, murder, and terrorism offenses. The UCR bases its findings solely from those individuals who have been arrested by law enforcement agencies and not statistics that may have been collected from court room proceedings, or decisions made by prosecutors. Analyzing the occurrence of the offense of murder in Birmingham, Alabama and Anchorage, ...view middle of the document...
With the large number of murder offenses reported in Birmingham it appears this type of crime is a problem for law enforcement agencies on duty in that state. Crime statistics suggest Birmingham holds the number five position compared to other states in terms of the number of murders committed in a city with a population of more than 100,000 people. On the other hand, Anchorage holds the position as one of the cities possessing the least amount of annual slayings with a population of more than 100,000 people ("Alabama Live Llc", 2011).
Differences in Murder Crime Rates
No single factor can explain the differences in the murder rates of the two metropolitan areas; rather a combination of factors may help in explaining the disparities between the two areas. Factors to include the cost of living, unemployment rates, and the amount of murder crimes reported to the UCR can help provide an understanding of the differences. Metropolitan communities with inadequate housing communities or a lack thereof resulting in poverty and homelessness may increase crime rates as people are likely to participate in illegal activities hence committing crimes as a means of survival. Higher costs of living to include expensive housing accommodations may also increase the likelihood of individuals committing crimes. Birmingham possesses a low cost of living, however possesses a low job-rate growth because of the economy’s current status thus may be a cause of the increase in murder crimes committed each year ("Alabama Live Llc", 2011).
The UCR is a voluntary program thus may be another...