Crime trends have changed drastically throughout the years. Criminal activity has always been a challenging task to evaluate and monitor. What is a crime trend? A crime trend is defined as a significant change in the nature of selected crime types within a defined geographical area and time period (U.S. Legal, 2001). Crime trends tend to increase and decrease for different reason throughout the years. The essay will discuss the crime trend in America and the reason for a decline in 1999.
In 1999 there were several reasons that could be the cause for a decrease in crime trends. Unemployment rates were low in 1999, in fact at the time rates had not been seen as ...view middle of the document...
Reversing the direction of casualty, it has also been argued that having a criminal record makes it harder for an individual to obtain and hold a job” (Yang & Lester, 1994. p. 215).
Gun control has been another big reason that led to a decline in crime trends. Several laws were developed in 1999 to assist in the control of guns. Some of the laws that were created are The American Handgun Standards Act of 1999 (S. 193), The Child Safety Act of 1999 (S.149), The Stop gun Trafficking Act of 1999 (S.407), The Gun Show Accountability Act of 1999 (S.443), The Gun Industry Accountability Act of 1999 (S.560), and The Large Capacity Ammunition Magazine Import Ban Act of 1999 (S.594) (Who is behind gun control, n.d).
The laws were developed in an effort to decrease crime, in the article The Crime Drop in America: An Exploration of Some Recent Crime Trends the author discussed the sharp decline in murder and robbery rates between 1993 and 2000 in the United States. The author found that that the rise in violence was based on the recruitment of young people in the crack market, attributable to young people and handguns. The author states, “The downturn is much more a reflection of diminishing participation by young people in the crack markets as well the deterrent effect resulting from police confiscating their handguns, there was a diminished need for each individual to carry his own” (Blumstein,2006, p. 29).
Policing has also been another factor that attributed to a decline in crime; many believe aggressive police strategies help to reduce crime rates. Policing styles began to include what referred to as a zero tolerance or broken windows is policing. Most feel that if policing use strict enforcement for petty crime like graffiti, minor drug dealing and pick pocketing than this would deter serious crimes. Community policing is also trying to involve the community and strained relationship between citizens...