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Psychodynamic, Behavioral, And Cognitive Theory |
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Heather Hill |
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The psychodynamic theory, the behavioral theory, and the cognitive theory are very similar in many ways. They all have to do with the study of mental, physical, and child hood traumas. (Larry J. Siegel pg. 98-103) They also ...view middle of the document...
The behavioral theory states that human actions are developed through learning experiences. This theory relies on the behaviors of people that they engage in during their everyday lives. It views crime as learned responses to life situations, and does not view it as necessarily abnormal or morally immature to respond in such a way. The most relevant theory to criminology under the behavioral theory is the social learning theory. This theory states that people are not born with the ability to act violent, and rather, they learn from previous life experiences to act violent. Their behavior is generally modeled after three sources— the family, environmental experiences, and the mass media. (Larry J. Siegel pg. 103)
The cognitive theory focuses on how people perceive and mentally represent the world around them. (Larry J. Siegel pg103) According to Lawrence Kohlberg, there are six stages of mental development. The first one is that the "right" thing to do is obedience of power and the avoidance of punishment. The second is that "right" is taking responsibility for oneself, meeting one's own needs, and leaving others to take responsibility for themselves. The third stage is that "right" is being good in the sense of having good motives, having concern for others, and "putting yourself in the other person's...