RUNNING HEAD: Development of Corrections
Development of Corrections
There is no doubt that crime has been around since the beginning of time. It seems that crime will forever be present within society. It was societies’ decision to provide punishment for people who commit crimes. At some point in time, it became a unified idea to have some place to house criminals. The division of the criminal justice system that is responsible for housing criminals is known as The Department of Corrections.
The Department of Corrections gives communities protection by providing jails and prisons for criminals. These facilities allow offenders to receive fair service while serving their ...view middle of the document...
This type of system housed one inmate per cell. They also did not allow for group work or living. The next system was the Auburn system which was started by the Auburn prison in New York. This system is known for its congregate system. The prisoners were all in the same areas for meals, exercise, and work. The philosophy of this system was based on fear of punishment and silent confinement. Silence was always required and punishment was the result if the rule was broken. This system was preferred over the Pennsylvania System because it allowed for prison labor. The Auburn system was cheaper because more prisoners could be held in less space (www.prisonsociety.org/about/history.htm).
The 20th century held a part in the changing world of corrections. Reformers thought it would be helpful to bring the good parts of society into the jails and prisons. They believed that education, religion, work, and self-governance would help change how criminals were rehabilitated. Incorporating these ideas led to prison industries, education programs, and vocational programs. They also helped bring the use of corporal punishment to an end. Specialized prisons were also another idea that came from the 20th century. Many prisons were based on the level of security needed and types of inmates each place held. One prison might have housed inmates that could be rehabilitated and another prison housed inmates that were far too gone to be rehabilitated. Many correctional changes have also happened over the past few years. There was the Prisoner’s Rights Movement of the 1960's and 1980's. These movements gave prisoners certain rights that they have never had before (www.prisonsociety.org/about/history.htm).
The main difference between jail and prisons is that a jail is for a criminal who needs a short imprisonment whereas a prison is...