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Criminal Justice Essay

1067 words - 5 pages

Correctional Counseling and Treatment
Correctional counseling is a type of counseling that assists criminal offenders in dealing with specific problems their current personality structure lack, so they can make better decisions in the future. Correctional Counselors deal with specific life-adjustment situations, while trying to expand on the underneath "good" personality that already exists. In our correctional system, this type of counseling exists, but is it effective? With news flashes of violence daily, and deadlines burred with murders and violent acts constantly, it is easy to say no. The re-offending rates in our country are among the highest in the world, and several ...view middle of the document...

There are two types of counseling in general, individual and group counseling. Correctional counseling and rehabilitation, in the broadest sense, seeks to transform a convicted felon into a responsible and productive member of society. The focus in correctional counseling should be on changing behavior and helping offenders to enhance mental health and cognitive functioning as well as academic, vocational, and social skills. Correctional Counseling provides cognitive-behavioral treatment programs designed specifically for offenders involved in criminal justice systems. These programs are used extensively in the United States and in international court settings. Gregory Little, Ed.D., and Ken Robinson, Ed.D., developed these programs while working in a therapeutic community at the Shelby County Correction Center (now known as the Shelby County Division of Correction) in Memphis. Both began their corrections careers in 1975 and Moral Reconation Therapy™ (MRT) was developed in 1985. In 1987, Robinson founded Correctional Counseling and began offering workshop trainings and consulting services to correctional agencies to implement the cognitive-behavioral treatment programs he developed during his time at the Shelby County Correction and Mental Health Centers. He remains the firm’s president today.

Correctional Counseling offers a number of cognitive-behavioral treatment programs to address a variety of issues, including substance abuse, relapse prevention, DUI offenses, criminal thinking, domestic violence and anger management. These treatment programs are successful for adult and juvenile, male and female offenders. Drug courts, pretrial service agencies, probation and parole offices and therapeutic communities within correctional facilities have all implemented Correctional Counseling’s programs with measurable success in terms of changing criminal thinking and reducing re-offending rates. These programs have been implemented by all levels of correctional settings, from large federal pretrial service programs to smaller, progressive municipal program society.

Correctional Counseling also provides research and consulting services for agencies exploring the feasibility of implementing evidence-based programs for offenders or agencies seeking to measure outcomes. There is a wide variation in corrections from state to state and differences within some states on whether the offender counseling and treatment programs are offered on a very limited scale or on a daily intensive level.
Correctional Counseling and Treatment Vision:
To contribute to the Department of Corrections number one priority...

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