Criminal Justice System Essay

816 words - 4 pages

Criminal Justice System
Barbara Johnson
CJA/204 Introduction to Criminal Justice
12/24/2012
Erica Veljic

Criminal Justice System
Crime and the criminal justice system: what are they, how do they interact with each other, what are their goals and are they a system or just a process. Each of these will be discussed in detail throughout this paper as well as the process of how the criminal justice system works.
The definition of crime is any action or activity that is punishable under criminal law. It is usually considered an offense against society and is punishable by sanctions that include loss of freedom or life. What is determined as criminal law is decided by society using one ...view middle of the document...

According to the CJi Interactive website ("Cji Interactive", n.d.), these goals are performed primarily by deterrence, incapacitation, retribution, rehabilitation, or restoration. Deterrence controls crime by inhibiting criminal behaviors through fear of punishment. Incapacitation prevents crime by removing the offender’s ability to commit crimes. Retribution will provide and maintain justice through actions such as incarceration, fines or community service. Rehabilitation tries to prevent crime by reforming criminals, teaching them to not violate the laws any more. And finally restoration attempts to provide justice by giving back what the victim lost during the crime.
The criminal justice process has five steps. The first is investigation: the police carry out this step by looking for evidence and following that evidence through to having an arrest warrant issued and an arrest made on a suspect. The courts perform the next three steps: pretrial activities, the trial itself, and sentencing. Pretrial activities, according to CJi Interactive, include things such as the preliminary hearing, indictment and arraignment. In the trial, evidence is shown to prove the individual guilty or if not enough evidence is shown the individual will be found innocent. Upon a guilty verdict, sentencing happens. The final step in the process is corrections. This is where the sentence is carried out whether that be probation, prison, community service or other corrective action.
All of this information leads...

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