Criminal Justice System
Kristi (Michelle) Flemig
November 18, 2012
Tracy Walker Townsend
Criminal Justice System
The role of the criminal justice system is to respond to crimes in the name of society. It is not confined to one level of government. It spans the federal state and local governments. The lines of authority and distinction between agencies are not always clear and may need to be negotiated according to the jurisdiction of the case. The police, courts and corrections facilities are supposed to work together as a system to implement criminal justice functions. The broad scope and size of the process can make efficient and effective goals, and different agencies ...view middle of the document...
This involves correcting the behavior of the offender and giving him or her skills and emotional strength in society without violating the law.
The core components of the criminal justice system are police, courts and corrections. The police enforce the law, investigate crimes, apprehend offenders, reduce and prevent crime, maintain public order, ensure community safety, provide emergency and related community services and protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals. The courts conduct fair and impartial trials, decide criminal cases, ensure due process, determine guild or innocence, impose sentences on the guilty, uphold the law, require fairness throughout the justice process, protect the rights and freedoms of anyone facing processing by the justice system and provide a check on the exercise or power by other justice system agencies. Corrections carry out sentences imposed by the courts, provides safe and humane custody and supervision of offenders, protects the community, rehabilitates, reforms, and reintegrates convicted offenders into the community and respects the legal and human rights of the convicted. The criminal justice process consists primarily of five major stages: investigation and arrest, pretrial activities, trial, sentencing and corrections. The investigation and arrest process begins with an investigation. Evidence is gathered at the crime scene, and attempts are made to reconstruct the sequence of activities and events. Pretrial activities include four major events: first appearance, preliminary hearing, information or indictment, and arraignment. The trial involves an examination in court of all issues of fact and discussion of relevant laws relating to the case for the purpose of convicting or acquitting the accused. When an offender is found guilty, the sentencing phase begins. Typically, an offender can be sentenced by a judge to pay a fine, be placed on probation, or incarcerated. Once an offender has been sentenced, the...