Criminology Essay

1024 words - 5 pages

Edward A Sylvia III Position Paper #1
CRMJUS 262: Introduction to Criminology Professor John Lincoln Passmore

Three of the premier theories of crime victimization are as follows; Victim Precipitation Theory, Deviant Place Theory, and Routine Activities Theory. Each of these theories attempts to explain the select attributes that lead to crime. While each theory is very distinct, none of them manage to mitigate all crime and its factors. Each and every crime or illegal activity is committed under widely varying circumstances and while there are similarities between the victimizations each and every single crime is unique. Some may check each box of one theory but none of ...view middle of the document...

The choice to commit crime should always be placed on the criminal as all crime is a rational choice unless mental illness is a factor. In short the Victim Precipitation Theory unjustly places the blame of criminal activity on the victim.
The Deviant Place Theory is defined as the view that victimization is primarily a function of where people live. This theory assumes that it is primarily where you live and your neighborhood that have the largest attributes on crime and victimizations. While living in a more at risk area will increase your risk of crime or victimization, this theory assumes that all at risk individuals commit crime. This is proven false by the fact that crime still does occur in more upper class communities. This theory states that the way to prevent or to mitigate this risk of victimization is to move from a lower class area into an upper class area. This is not always possible as the cost of moving and the expected increase in living costs will prevent individuals in at risk communities from leaving. This theory also states that you can reduce the risk of crime and victimization by improving the quality and appearance of the neighborhood in which you live. Removing disabled cars, painting over graffiti, and cleaning the streets of debris will make you neighborhood less appealing to potential criminals because their activities will stand out more. In conclusion moving from an at risk neighborhood will potentially reduce an individual’s risk of crime and victimization, however it is not always feasible financially for individuals to do so thus minimizing its effectiveness.
The Routine Activities Theory states that motivated offenders tend to be more aggress and would commit crime against suitable targets when a capable guardian is not present. Crime tends to be opportunistic allowing criminals to prey on the weak and unsuspecting victims. This theory does not effectively define what constitutes a "capable guardian". To some a capable guardian is a legally carried concealed weapon, to others it is a body guard. Without a firm definition of what a capable guardian is this...

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