Cubism Movement Essay

1020 words - 5 pages

Beginning in 1907 the Cubism movement was set into motion by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque; this would eventually become the most internationally influenced movement of the 20th Century. The movement has roots dating back to European traditions of the Renaissance, which can be seen it its illusionism and deconstruction of linear perspective. The Cubism movement can be broken down into two primary styles of Analytical and Synthetic Cubism, each equally influential in their own way. First up was Analytical Cubism; this references the artist objective of analyzing and breaking down of the form and space within the picture plane.
Analytical Cubism was the period from 1907 to 1912; it was ...view middle of the document...

Artist used more discrete forms that appeared as if they were collaged onto the canvas, in some cases they actually were. These works were composed of clearer composition and bright color was re-introduced. Typical compositions utilized oriental patterns and smooth wave-like lines contrasted against jagged shapes.
Synthetic artists sought to establish independence, in order to do this they frequently limited the composition not allowing it to come close to the edge of their canvas or plane. This empty space completely separated the outside world from the artist work; it was an entirely new concept and revolutionary step in 20th Century art. All works are tailored to the surface they are created upon, however, for the first time Synthetic Cubism made this apparent and incorporated it into the actual working plane within the canvas making the subject self-contained rather than a part of the outside world.
Analytical and Synthetic Cubism both have their marks of distinction as explored, yet even with such similar goals the movements do share plentiful similarities and places of overlap. The cubist desired to simplify everyday objects and strived to show them as the mind does, from all sides at once. Cubism was a period of investigating just how well a painting can play with its viewer, they era was a time of playful art. This can be seen in the well-manipulated simple subjects of Analytical Cubism and in the brighter colors and exciting contrast of Synthetic Cubism. Picasso referred to the Cubism moment as an intellectual game. The game is all about using art, as it’s own language, independent from tangible and visible reality. The artists maintained a desire to force upon the viewer their responsibility of bringing a three-dimensional work onto a two-dimensional canvas or picture plane. The movement brought conceptualism into painting.
The Cubist fragmented objects and showed multiple dimensions of a subject at once in a flattened image, it is a brain tease to understand but is revolutionary in its process. The emphasis was put on the canvas’s dimension, or lack of, to convey an illusion...

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