Cultural Differences Between the USA and Japan
Deundrey R. Dunn
Human Resources Management 367 Organizational Culture UMUC
I compared the United States of America to Japan and was surprised to find out that our two cultures are surprisingly different in all six dimensions on the Hofsted’s 6-D model. The results of the comparison are as follows;
The Power Distance Category
In the Power Distance Category the USA scored 40 and Japan scored 54. Within American organizations, hierarchy is established for convenience, generally U.S. Companies decision making is quick. Superiors give leeway to subordinates so that they can decide and make decisions quickly. Unfortunately, there are ...view middle of the document...
d.). Another example is how Japanese companies make decisions. Japanese company’s decision making is in stages along with their corporate hierarchy. Japanese decisions are very cautious and conservative and sometimes slower than U.S. companies. These stages are backed by plenty of meetings and documentation. This minimizes error and brings consistency at all levels (Btrax, 2010).
The Individualism Category
In the Individualism category the USA scored 91 and Japan scored 46. In this area the USA scored high due to people in the USA are rewarded for their individualism the “I “concept and if they do something bad it only affects them. People in Japan have a stronger belief in the “we” concept, for example, people in Japan have a belief that if they do something dishonorable it not only reflect dishonor on the individual it also reflect dishonor on the family or organization as well. In other words Japanese people tend to keep restrained in this category than people from the USA.
The Masculinity Category
Moving over to the masculinity column on the Hofsted’s model the USA scored 62 and Japan Scored 95. The USA have the “strive to be the best you can be mentality’’, and as a result, Americans will tend to display and talk freely about their “successes” and achievements in life. Being successful is not the great motivator in American society, but being able to show one’s success is the key (Hoftsted, 2015). In the masculinity area Japan scored higher due to Japan having a competitive culture. Kids are taught at an early age (like at elementary school sporting events) that competition is good and that always working hard will ensure a rewarding future.
The Uncertainty Avoidance Category
In the Uncertainty Avoidance column the USA scored 46 and Japan scored 92. The average American have the “We can do it mentality” even if they know that they only have a 50-70% probability of accomplishing a certain goal or success rate. After they accept and start working towards the goal, they try to achieve as close as possible to 100%. In Uncertainty Avoidance area, Japan scored higher than the USA due to most Japanese people feel that even if it’s possible to achieve 100% of their goal, they don’t say “Yes” or they can do it. Their agreement is careful because they want to be accurate. ...