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Cultural Trends In The Victorian Era

809 words - 4 pages

Cultural Trends

The Victorian age was a time greatly influenced by cultural trends influenced the growing industrialization of the era. Trends and movements such as The Great Exhibition of 1851, The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, The Arts and Crafts Movement and the Medieval/Gothic Revival, transformed England into a culture with a passion for visual advancement.
In 1849, Paris held one of several national exhibitions, showcasing products of craft and industry. Successfully hoping to advance interest in the industries, the idea of such an exhibition was emulated by the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London, England. The idea of holding such an event in London was presented to Prince ...view middle of the document...

A style known as “Social Realism” became quite popular, with portrayals of contemporary industrial culture, as well as domestic life. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood has been considered the most influential movement of painters of the Victorian Era. The Brotherhood was founded in 1849 by Ruskin influenced avante garde painters such as, William Holman Hunt, D.G. Rossetti, John Everett Millais, William Michael Rossetti, James Collinson, Thomas Woolner and F.G. Stephens in attempt to “revitalize the arts” (Landow). This movement challenged the domineering taste and conventional views in art by: “painting bright colored, evenly lit pictures that appeared almost flat”, “emphasizing precise, almost photographic representation of humble objects”, and “attempting to transform hard edge realism by combining it with typological symbolism” (Landow). The PRB had two stages, the second influencing the Arts and Crafts Movement, part of the Gothic Revival.
John Ruskin, an art critic and social thinker who “criticized the industrialism of the Victorian age”, not only greatly influenced painters like the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, but also Victorian architecture and design (Kim). The Arts and Crafts Movement, lead by ideas of Ruskin and others, emphasized that the “Industrial Revolution both greatly damaged popular taste and did much to destroy traditional crafts skills”, making the role of the crafts underappreciated (Landow). This movement held the idea of importance of handcrafted goods, “rejecting the mass-produced manufactures of the assembly line in favor of the freedom and spontaneity of craft and its makers” (Broadview LVII). This movement goes...

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