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Culture Essay

1671 words - 7 pages

The Philippines is a country located in the heat of Southeast Asia. It is composed of 7,107 islands, with the three main islands being Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. The Phillipines has a population of over 50 million which is unevenly distributed to these larger islands based on economic opportunities and the history of the islands. They speak mostly English in the Philippines but they also speak Pilipino and Spanish. Filipinos are some of the most outgoing individuals that you will ever meet. They are made up of several different races including Malay, Chinese, Spanish, Indian and American. Their culture is a blend of all of these races coming together in one country. According to ...view middle of the document...

The elders are the decision makers and at the top of the family structure. Each member is at the mercy of the decisions that the elders decide for them. In this structure, there is no way for the children to have any kind of authority over the elders. The second structure is something called “Bayanhin” which means “being a hero.” According to Senkotiros, “This practice ignores social ranking, structures, leadership roles, and authority relationships.” This set is the complete opposite of the first set and Filipinos have no problem practicing both within their social lives. In this set up, a child is able to take a leadership role over the elders if they have the proper qualifications.
As a part of their cultural beliefs, Filipinos have a love of celebration. They love throwing and attending parties for their family and friends for any sort of occasion, “the baptism of an infant, a birthday, a daughter’s debut, a wedding, or an engagement. Even a promotion in a job, passing a government exam, getting one’s first paycheck or recovery from an illness is enough reason to give a party” (Senkotiros, 2005). Incorporated within these parties is their array of local Filipino dishes, “each house without you knowing anybody living in it will try to invite strangers and visitors alike to come eat and try what they have on the table and probably drink a shot glass or two of the local beer” (Myphilipinas, 2013).
In addition to having a side that likes to come together and celebrate, the Pilipino culture can also become very professional when it comes to business. Filipinos are expected to dress conservatively and maintain their image. Most relationships are introduced through a third party and are then developed with individuals rather than the company as a whole. They depend on building long lasting relationships with other business partners and help each other out. “Business relationships are personal relationships, which mean you may be asked to do favors for colleagues, and they will fully expect you to ask them for favors in return” (Kwintessential, 2014). They prefer to have face-to-face meetings and a group consensus is needed when making decisions. Decisions are made based on feelings rather than the facts, which is where these interpersonal relationships come into play.
Geert Hofstede’s cultural dimensions are used to describe the effects of culture on values of members of different countries and how these values will relate to their behavior. The first cultural dimension is power distance, which is how the culture deals with the inequality of the individuals within a society. In the Philippines, they are considered to be a hierarchical society. “Hierarchy in an organization is seen as reflecting inherent inequalities, centralization is popular, subordinates expect to be told what to do and the ideal boss is a benevolent autocrat” (Hofstede Centre). In comparison to the United States where every single individual is seen as unequal from the...

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