Between ages 0 and 3, children physically develop very fast. They begin life by having instinctual physical movements, that they have developed in the womb, such as sucking and reaching, grasping and moving their limbs and head in their physical space. By 12 months, they have learnt to have some control over these movements, for example choosing to pick up and object and having the ability to pick up that object. They may also by this time be crawling, bum shuffling or even sofa surfing. By their second year, they will have developed muscles to control actions enough to begin to walk, point, hold small objects, feed themselves and start having ...view middle of the document...
Young people will start to grow stronger during this time. Their bodies and the health of their bodies will have developed according to their hobbies or lack of physical wellbeing. Boys will start puberty and both boys and girls will start developing adult bodies. By 16 years of age, due to genetics, peer pressure and a child's interests over their developing years, there will be a variety of heights, weights and strengths. Most boys will be taller than girls, however, there will be exceptions.
During this period, young people are adults. Girls especially have reached their optimum development, boys however have not and will continue to develop into their 20's. This may be because their puberty begins later than girls.
Communication and Language Development
Right from inside the womb, babies can hear communication and tests have argued, bond with the voices of the familiar voices that they hear such as their mother and father. From birth adults talk to babies and make faces and gestures to babies that all aid in forming a babies communication and language development. Cases have shown that where a child has not had any stimulus during these early years, their speech an communication development can be severely hampered.
By 12 months, most children will be experimenting with words and will have been communicating with people around them for a while by facial expressions and noises. These noises developing into words which become increasingly discernible. Between 12 and 24 months they will begin to tie words together and communicate needs by using deliberate gestures. Once this begins and their successes are recognised by the people around them, their vocabulary expands rapidly so that by the time they are two years old most children will know about 200 words. By the time they are 3, children will experiment with tenses and sometimes get it wrong such as “I knowed it” but often after correction, will remember the correction and use the correct “I knew it” afterwards.
Children at this stage are going to school regularly, therefore are learning more, learning new words, phrases and expressions and becoming more social. They are also learning about how to communicate in different ways, such as with teachers, older children, in the classroom, in the playground and with their families.
Age 7-12 and upwards
Children and young people will be fluent in their home language. They will develop on the skills they have learnt from ages 3-7 and will do this through creative reading and writing, reading and writing non-fiction, communicating with the others in different ways such as email or through discussions in class, and all these skills will help them to think about learning and understanding in more abstract ways for when they are at senior school.
Intellectual and Cognitive Development
Babies like repetitive games like peep-boo, and where is the ball? They like to be...