Dangers Of Tanning Essay

1656 words - 7 pages

The Dangers of Tanning
I. On an average day in the United States more than one million people tan in a tanning salon. Some of these same people also smoke. You’re probably wondering what the correlation between smoking and tanning is. People who smoke are usually aware of the health risk related to smoking, however, many people are unaware of the health risk that tanning has.
II. Today in America being tan in associated with beauty, status, and even health. From the pages of magazines to the films we watch we are inundated with numerous images of beautiful people with tans. Magazines such as Fitness and Health, Runners World and countless others have covers with tanned ...view middle of the document...

5. Now referred to as the “burning” rays.
C. UVA rays.
1. For many years, especially in the 1980’s they were promoted as the “safe” rays.
a. Caused tanning beds to be all the rage.
2. UVA rays are the same strength year round regardless of the time of year or the earth’s proximity to the sun.
3. Penetrate the top layer of skin and disperses in the dermis, the second layer of skin.
4. Accelerate the aging process and are now referred to as the “aging” rays.
D. Tanning Beds.
1. Give off three to fifteen times as much ultraviolet (UV) radiation as the noonday summer sun.
2. Rays from bulbs composed primarily of UVA rays and only two to six percent of UVB rays.
a. This means users of tanning beds receive a much higher percentage of rays that penetrate through to your second layer of skin causing acceleration in the aging process and permanent damage.
b. Also, nature’s early warning sign that you have had too much sun is forfeited in tanning beds because UVA rays don’t burn your skin like UVB rays do and tanning beds have very little UVB rays.
3. Tanning beds also offer different level beds that emit higher amounts of UV radiation as the level of the bed increases.
a. A level three bed emits higher doses of radiation than a level one bed.
b. High-pressure beds release UVA doses that are ten to fifteen times stronger than that of natural sunlight.
c. You may get a great tan that lasts longer in a shorter amount of time, however you are receiving a higher dose of radiation.
(Transition: Overexposure to natural or artificial UV Rays can cause a multitude of injuries and damage. Now, lets consider the risk associated with tanning and the use of tanning beds).
II. The number one risk of tanning is the increased incidence of skin cancer.
A. Whether sun exposure is from natural or artificial light it puts you at an increased risk for skin cancer.
1. However, tanning beds have been proven to accelerate the development of skin cancers at an earlier age.
a. According to skin cancer.org, November 2010, tanning in a tanning bed before the age of twenty increases your risk for developing melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, by seventy-five percent.
b. A Study conducted in Sweden, using different people all under the age of thirty concluded that the people who use tanning beds more than ten times a year were seven times more likely to develop malignant melanoma than those who used tanning beds less often.
i. Researchers estimated that only one out of ninety-seven persons that did not use tanning beds would develop skin cancer but for those who did use tanning beds their chances for developing skin cancer was one out of thirteen persons.
ii. The study also concluded that the risk of melanoma was three hundred percent for occasional users of tanning beds compared to eight hundred percent for persons who used tanning beds more than ten times a year.
B. There are three types of skin cancers associated with sun exposure.
1. Melanoma

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