Part 1: Using table 1 and 2, what can you say about the ethnicity of the population in England and Wales in 2001 and in 2011 and about the composition of the ethnic population of England and Wales in 2011?
Tables 1 and 2 provide quantitative data obtained through the method of Census, done in England and Wales.
Table 1 offers a comparison between the percentages of population of different ethnic groups present in England and Wales in 2001 and 2011.
The variations are represented by 5 main ethnic groups, and 17 subgroups.
The main pattern that can be observed within the data is that, between 2001 and 2011, most of the ethnic groups saw their percentage of ...view middle of the document...
3% from 2001 to 2011.
Table 2 provides information about the 2011 Census, and shows the composition, in percentage, of the population by ethnic groups across English regions and Wales.
They are five main ethnic groups represented in the table.
One striking element is that the majority within the population censused across all the English regions and Wales is part of the ‘White’ ethnic group, and holds the highest percentages of population by far, with 86.0%. The ethnic group the less present across all the English regions and Wales is represented by the ‘Other ethnic groups’, and is of 1.0%.
One quite shocking value is the percentage of ‘White’ people censused in London. It is the lowest value across the different English regions and Wales within this ethnic group. Moreover, the highest percentages of population for each of the other ethnic groups represented in the table have been censused in London.
Another interesting element of this table is that the lowest values for the range of percentage of population for the ‘Mixed/multiple ethnic groups’ and ‘Black/African/Caribbean/Black British‘ are present in the North East of England, and the lowest values for the range of percentage of population for the ‘Asian/Asian British’ and ‘Other ethnic groups’ have been registered in the South West of England.
One anomaly is that the percentages recorded under the category ‘England and Wales’ don’t correspond with the averages of the percentages of all the other categories together. If we sum up the percentages for the different regions and Wales together, and divided by the number of values added, the results are different than the ones written under ‘England and Wales’, although they should be the same.
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Essay: Examine the argument that identities of place can be a source of inclusion and exclusion.
The concept of identity is wide and subjective. Identities can be chosen or given, and can be a source of connection or disconnection. Identities are not just applied to people but to places too. A place’s identities can affect people’s identities, negatively or positively. This essay will aim to examine the argument that places’ identities can be cause of inclusion or exclusion for some people or groups. This essay will look at how identities are socially constructed and linked to other identities and places and that these identities can be marked and unmarked through Othering, how the identity of a place can impact on the identity of a person, how an idealised and imagined past of a place can impact on people’s feeling of ‘being part of’ or ‘out of place’, and finally, how the idea of racial and ethnic identities can be linked to place identity.
Social identities are multiple, can overlap, and are linked to people’s similarities and differences with others. Sociologists, such as Goffman or Garfinkel, consider that identities are socially constructed. Generally, identities are understood as...