Declaring Independence Essay

1462 words - 6 pages

Declaring Independence

Every year there are parades, fireworks lighting up the sky, family and friends gathering with joy and excitement; Red, White, and Blue flags waiving as they are displayed on every street, as a commemoration of a great country’s birthday. The Fourth of July marks the anniversary of the glorious day in 1776 when America, a new nation declared its independence from the world. This celebration honors the courageous actions of not only the nation’s founders when signing the Declaration of Independence, but also the men and women that supported it, and the historical benchmarks that lead to America declaring its independence.
While the writing of the Declaration ...view middle of the document...

org). Two years later in 1767, the Parliament of Great Britain passed the Townshend Acts, again in an attempt to raise taxes, to pay for governors and judges that were loyal to Great Britain. This also did not sit well with the colonists and resulted in a widespread protest that forced Parliament to reconsider the Townshend Duties and repealed all but the tax on tea (ushistory.org).
Tea business was one of the major sources of income for the colonists, hence they were dramatically affected by the implementation of the tea tax. There were heightened tensions throughout the colonies because of raised taxes and the increasingly unwelcomed presence of British troops in the city of Boston, leading to a riot that resulted to 5 patriot’s deaths in The Boston Massacre in March, 1770. After the trial of the British soldiers, the Royal Governor evacuated the occupying army from Boston which was a great triumph for the colonists during this time (ushistory.org). Little did they know that the British Parliament would pass the Tea Act of 1773, authorizing the shipment of the East Indian Company’s unsold tea directly to the colonies for a cheaper price. Even though the Tea Act did not impose new taxes, it was intended to undermine illegal tea smuggling as well as a scheme to buy support for taxes that are already in power (ushistory.org).
The furious Boston colonies started a political protest, led by the Song of Liberty in December 1773 known as the Boston Tea Party. Disguising themselves as Indians, they raided the ships and destroyed the entire shipments of tea before taxes could be collected on it. They dumped 342 chest of tea into the water resulting in a great loss for the British East India Company (ushistory.org). This resistance was not taken likely and the British Government responded harshly with Parliament’s approval of the Intolerable Acts in 1774. There were five Intolerable Acts; Boston Port Act, Administration of Justice Act, Massachusetts Government Act, Quartering Act of 1774, and Quebec Act. These acts were passed as a punitive measure, to make an example of Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party, as well as an attempt to stop the colonies resistance to Great Britain’s Parliament (ushistory.org), little did they know this would only infuriate the colonist more.
The colonists felt that their rights were desecrated by the Intolerable Acts, and in September of 1774 the First Continental Congress was organized to protest against Great Britain so they could be made to understand the grievances of the colonies. The petition had no effect to the British Parliament, the imperial army started an attempt to arrest patriot leaders and soon storming into Boston, which lead to the Second Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia the following year to manage the defense of the colonies as they prepared for war (ushistory.org). They discussed how the colonist would face the military threat of the British, agreeing on the creation of...

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