Defining Aspirin Essay

592 words - 3 pages

Topic Definition
Aspirin was invented in late 1890s. More than a hundred years later, due to its fever-reducing and anti-inflammatory effects, it has become one of the world’s most extensively used medicines. Interestingly, this famous medicine, at the beginning, was invented by a German scientist in order to find out an effective remedy to cure his father’s pain.

History
Innovated by the fact that ancient people use willow bark to ease pain, aspirin was first obtained from willow bark by a German chemist called Felix Hoffmann, in 1897. Aspirin was firstly taken by his father in order to reduce his arthritis pain. Aspirin successfully eased the pain. After two years’ laboratory experiment, aspirin as a product was first launched by Bayer AG in 1899. The coming world war accidentally boosted the demand of aspirin.
Science Organization
The invention of aspirin, a medical-breakthrough, mainly belongs ...view middle of the document...

After that, in acidic solvent, sodium ions are substituted by H+ ions. In this way, salicylic acid is produced. To make hard aspirin tablets, corn starch and water need to be added to salicylic acid. Finally, the chemical mixture is compressed into tablets by tablet machines.

In the 100 years after aspirin’s birth, although people appreciate its function of pain-curing, no one knew how aspirin actually works until the late 1990s. In the 1970s scientists learned that it is the release of prostaglandins, the molecules which are similar to hormone, after injuries that cause fever and inflammation. The analysis of PGHS (prostaglandin H2 synthase), the enzyme that produces prostaglandin finally reveals the working process of aspirin. The enzyme is surrounded by 2 protein subunit, arachidonic acid, a basic component of prostaglandin, travels through the channel in between the two protein subunits to the core of the PGHS enzyme. Aspirin molecule splits into two, saliucylic acid and acetytl group, after entering the channel of the PGHS enzyme. With the acetyl group blocking the entrance of the channel, arachidonic acid cannot get access to the core of the PGHS enzyme, hence stop the production of prostaglandin.
Although aspirin is famous for its traditional function including the prevention of heart disease, ease the pain of headache and arthritis and muscle and joint aches, recently, a new function of aspirin are discovered by scientists. According to David Brown, a cardiologist at the Stony Brook School of medicine in New York, in addition to protect women’s hearts fro heart attack, aspirin will also protect women’s brains from aging.

Summary
With new functions keeping on being discovered, aspirin still appeals to patients due to its unique chemically pain easing. Nowadays, millions of patients owe their happiness and wellbeing to the invention of aspirin.

Works Cited

http://www.madehow.com/Volume-1/Aspirin.html
http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/trade-union.html
http://www.newscientist.com/search?doSearch=true&query=Aspirin
http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn8598-aspirin-protects-mens-hearts-and-womens-brains.html

Other Essays Like Defining Aspirin

Comparing The Moral Virtues Of Antony And Julian The Apostate

1103 words - 5 pages Roman emperor Julian the Apostate and Christian leader Antony both exhibited many qualities of character during their existence. Both of them led very distinctive lives although shared several ethical values. Book 25 of “The Later Roman Empire” and the book “Early Christian Lives” show concrete evidence of this. In the following essay, I will argue how both leaders’ lives were devoted to their religious beliefs and their mutual cardinal virtues

Living In A Cashless Society Essay

1637 words - 7 pages Money in a traditional sense no longer exists. Money is becoming much of a concept than a physical material, and most ordinary bitter have not see the reality of the switch. People today are using credit and debit cards on a regular basis and in everyday situations such as meal purchased at fast food, highway tolls, clothing, groceries, gas stations, etc. all of these means of systems could be regarded as a cashless society or world. The question

The French And Indian War: The "Real" First World War

1955 words - 8 pages The Seven Years War, or more commonly referred to as “The French and Indian War”, has been called the true First World War. In this book The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America, the author and historian Walter R. Borneman paints a detailed and elaborate picture that justifies the claim of it being the first true war of global proportions. If ever there truly was a climax to the never ending feud of the European powers

Is The Use Of Animals In Medical Research A Necessary Measure?

1513 words - 7 pages Throughout history, animals have been used in experiments to test product safety and obtain medical knowledge that benefits both humans and animals alike. Every year there are numerous medical breakthroughs, such as medications and surgical instruments, which are tested on animals to insure their safety before they are deemed acceptable for human use. Even though the results of the experiments saved millions of human lives, they are also

Education And The Evolving Job Market

2363 words - 10 pages The lives of students today are changing. They are preparing for lives and jobs that have never before existed. If teachers hope to have a significant and worthwhile impact on these quickly changing lives, they must change the way they think, prepare, and instruct our future generations. Children cannot afford to have teachers who remain stagnant in their methods and ideals. Students crave instructors that are willing to allow them to tap

Young And Relentless

1737 words - 7 pages There are numerous influences that can be responsible of teenager’s behaviors and attitude as they develop. One factor that is important to these behaviors is parental figures being over involved or uninvolved in their children’s lives. Many of these effects include illegal substance abuse, rising sexual activity, underage alcohol consumption, and tobacco use. Studies show parental participation plays a key role in the characteristics developed

The Natural Law Theory

1231 words - 5 pages Obeying by the natural law theory is the only true and moral way to live life; especially a life lived in God’s image. God’s presence is a guiding factor to obtaining a moral and virtuous life, which can only be obtained by following the natural law theory. God created a set of laws as a supreme guide for humans to live life, like any law these laws were created to ensure wellbeing for everyone. The laws he created are the civil law, the natural

Resolved: Presidential Signing Statements Threaten To Undermine The Rule Of Law And The Separation Of Powers

1811 words - 8 pages The subject of signing statements has created much debate among the houses of Congress, government officials, and the public alike. These signing statements fall under the categories of constitutional and legislative history signing statements. Constitutional signing statements are those in which the president deems certain provisions of the legislation as unconstitutional, therefore they should not be enforced (Bradley & Posner, 2006

Oppressive Systems Of Government In Egypt And Animal Farm

1529 words - 7 pages As in Egypt, Orwell demonstrates through his allegorical novel “Animal Farm” that leaders are able to establish and maintain power over a people, and in turn create an oppressive and corrupt government system. Orwell shows the significant difference in the education and levels of knowledge in the animals, and how the government takes advantage of this difference. The split between the levels of intelligence is portrayed in the first chapter when

The Pathway To Psychosis

1415 words - 6 pages “How all occasions do inform against me” is a line from act IIII, scene IIII of William Shakespeare’s Hamlet. This line, spoken by Hamlet, expresses his emotional state as he is currently overwhelmed by the death of his father, the king of Denmark, and the situation surrounding it. After Hamlet learns of his father’s death he finds out that his mother has married Claudius, Hamlet’s uncle. On top of all of that, Hamlet soon after

Rated “M” For “More Censorship Not Needed”

1241 words - 5 pages Since the moment video games became a commercial success there have been people who have pushed for unfair amounts of censorship to be placed upon the content of the games and its availability to children. These groups push for increased regulations on content but there is already an appointed group to handle this issue, the ESRB. Even though there has been an increase in mature content in the video game industry, increased censorship is not

Related Papers

Quality Data Collection Essay

1733 words - 7 pages Quality Data Collection HCS/588 February 13, 2012 Pam Crocker Quality Data Collection Quality is considered a vague concept that can be subjective and unscientific. However, quality can become a definitive concept by collecting and analyzing data. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) evidence based measures defines quality of care. For example, administering aspirin for acute myocardial infarction patients, making sure that

Chile Miner's Rescue Summary Essay

3630 words - 15 pages travel to the mine oblivious of Golborne’s warning on the uncertainty of the situation. News of the first contact with the miners spread among the families. Withdrawal of the breakthrough drill head to the surface revealed a defining message stating the miners are all safe in the shelter. Pinera later held the message before television cameras. Rescuers lowered a video camera down the narrow borehole, revealing the trapped miners in a rather good

The Separation Of Capital Ownership And Control

1577 words - 7 pages The argument of whether the separation of capital ownership and control is an efficient form of organization has constantly been a controversial issue. The criticism whether the controllers’ act is in the best interest of the owners’ wills never end as long as hired managers operate management. As the number of public companies has been increasing over the course of this century, meanwhile the American style of contact based corporation has

The Versatility And Flexibility Of Oled's

1014 words - 5 pages In April 1, 2002, organic light emitting diodes gain rise in the scientific community with their published, more practical form at Ames Laboratory. “Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, have developed and demonstrated a novel, fluorescence-based chemical sensor that is more compact, versatile and less expensive than existing technology of its