Definition of Knowledge
Truth is the essence of all knowledge. Our Knowledge is justified true
belief. Everyday people hear and experience things and then choose
whether or not to believe them. It is the justification of the
knowledge that we acquire that makes something believable to a person
or not. The justification for our knowledge allows us to decide
whether to believe something is true or not. People tend to use things
like scientific evidence, first hand experiences, word of mouth,
logic, faith and many other things everyday of their life to determine
whether something is truthful or not.
Before continuing, it is important that it is ...view middle of the document...
trusting the opinion of another you can go out into the world and
prove something for yourself. A first hand account is often the best
proof of anyting.
Science is a form of empirialism. It is the search of truth based on
experience. Scientists aspire to prove theories based on other truths
that have already been proven. The truths of science should be agreed
upon by any thinkers in the universe that observe the same regular
phenomena. This is because scientific knowledge must be based on solid
evidence. Scientists seek to prove a hypothesis through the experience
of experiments and observation. The goal of science is to discover
patterns in nature, and has a very effective way of acquiring
knowledge from observations of those patterns. Facts acquired from
scientific experiments seem to be very strong evidence of truth. But
these facts are only useful in a small branch of knowledge.
Faith is a common way of knowing for people all around the world. It
is not unnatural for people to believe that there is a superior being
or that death is not the end. There is no way to prove that this is
true or not true, yet the idea seems to be enough for most people to
believe it. Faith is belief without doubt based on revelation, faith
based on experience is not faith. So, without any experience or
scientific reason to believe in a superior being, why is it that
people have faith. Most people base their belief on authority. An
authority has told them once that God exists, so they believe it.
Whether the authority figure is a priest, their parents, the
government, a friend they trust or simply a book they have read, it
does not matter. The fact is, this authority figure has placed this
idea in their head, and now they believe it. They likely believe it
because they trust this person's opinion, and they believe it to be
true, therefore it must be true. This is not evidence, but for some
people it is enough to make them believe something is true. Authority
is a source of knowledge for things other than religion as well, but
it is obviously not the strongest evidence of truth. Another reason
for someone to have faith in God is that they simply cannot believe
that God does not exist. Though faith is often tied with belief in
God, it can also be associated with beliefs in other things as well.
People have faith in such beliefs as Santa Claus, or the Tooth Fairy.
These beliefs have nothing to do with logic, and supernatural ideas
such as these cannot be proved or disproved by science. So they are
simply believed, but as most people get older, they use logic and
rationalize that the existence of one such Santa Claus or Tooth Fairy
is not very likely.
While Empiricists suggest that experience is the source of all
knowledge, rationalists would lead you to believe that reason and