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Definitions Of Historians Essay

563 words - 3 pages

People:
Thomas Hobbes: An English philosopher who described life as nasty, brutish and short. People fear anarchy enough to give up their freedoms to an absolute ruler in exchange for peace, security.
Joseph Stalin: Communist leader of Russia from 1922-1952, led the commuist movement in Russia, killed more than 16 million Russians, command economy
Adam Smith: Capitalist who believed that minimal government was the best government.
Mike Duffy: PEI Senator of Canada who did not live in his primary residence and misrepresented his expense claims.
Ayatollah Khomeini: Iran’s political and spiritual leader from 79 to 89
John Locke: Life, liberty and property. Citizens must establish contract with government, and if government breaks the contract, the people have a right to rebel against the government.
Vladimir Lenin: Communist revolutionary that believed in ...view middle of the document...

Powers of the mayor removed from him by the city council and given to deputy Major Norm Kelly.
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: Communist Manifesto
Niccolo Machiavelli: It is better to be feared than to be loved. If a leader has foes, he must make friends with them or kill them. It is better to lie to keep power than to tell the truth and not keep power.
Mohandas Gandhi: Ahimsa leader in India and led to the Indian Independence in 1945.
Confucius: Chinese philosopher and thinker who founded the principals to Confucianism.
Kathleen Wynne: Ontario Premier, Progressive Conservative Party
Vladimir Putin: Russian leader since 1999
Nelson Mandela: South African revolutionary and helped free South Africa from apartheid.
Mao Zedong: Chinese communist leader
Jimmy Carter: 39th president of the US. Made some environmental policies. Took care of Iran hostage crisis
Siddhartha Gautama: Buddhism founder
Communism: All property is publically owned, each person is paid according to skill and need
Socialism: Production, distribution and exchange should be owned and regulated by the community as a whole
Fascism: Government style where everything is ruled by the dictator
Social Darwinism: theory that society is subject to survival of the fittest.
Nations and States: Nation is the people whereas state (country) is the land
Laissez-Faire: Policy of letting things take their own course
Magna Carta: Document stating that the king was subject to the law
Ideology: an idea or belief system
Bourgeoisie: middle class property owner
Proletariat: Working class people
Secularism: the idea of the separation of religion and politics as two different entities
Theocracy: System of government where the priests rule in the name of god
Libertarian: Extreme form of laissez faire where minimal government is involved
Legitimacy: Being in compliance with the law
Mercantilism: Belief in the benefits of trading and commercialism
Mixed Economy: Economic system combining private and public enterprise

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