Definitions Of Tourism And Tourists Essay

954 words - 4 pages

According to Smith (1988), an author of a specialist dictionary on tourism, the word ‘tourist’ was reportedly introduced in 1800 and the word ‘tourism’ in 1811. However, what exactly is tourism? Who are tourists? Regardless of the fact that both terms have now been part of the English language for over two centuries, there is still no universally acknowledged effective definition for either. For over many decades, researchers and practitioners have produced many precise definitions for both ‘tourist’ and ‘tourism’ but no definition of either term has become widely recognised. According to Smith (1988), he suggests that there “probably never will be a single definition of tourism” as ...view middle of the document...

Additionally, Krapf and Hunziker’s definition is highly intellectual as they manage to distinguish tourism from migration however; its theory is based on “travel and stay” making an assumption that this is necessary for tourism, thus preventing day tours. While the definition’s approach is reasonable, the definition is noticeably “too vague” (Leiper, 1995: 17) as it includes a huge amount of human activity that few thinking individuals would regard as coming within the scope of tourism. Because of their broad definition on tourism, prisoners, hospital patients, boarding students and soldiers at war can easily fit in the definition, thus exposing a major defect. Furthermore, the phrase “sum of phenomena and relationships” does not specify any ‘methodical applications of extensions’ nor does it include business travel which is highly important as it is connected with earnings (Leiper, 1979: 349).

While the Hunziker and Krapf definition excludes business travels, one economic definition by McIntosh and Goeldner (1977) recognises that tourism involves the business components entirely: “Tourism can be defined as the science, art and business of attracting and transporting visitors, accommodating them and graciously catering to their needs and wants.” This economic approach to a definition can be easily criticised. It is a supply-side definition emphasising tourism as an industry and career choice. This definition states nothing unequivocally about the tourist and the human element, which is debatably the main aspect of the subject matter. Nor does it recognise any spatial or temporal elements, which are equally significant in the tourism industry. It only contains a purposive element which is merely to gain profit from their stay through transportation, accommodation and hospitality. However, as stated by King and Hyde (1989), they suggest that ‘a tourist may spend a night away from home at the house of a friend or...

Other Essays Like Definitions Of Tourism And Tourists

Assessing A Film Collection, Film Damage And Decay Problems, Definitions Of Digital Preservation, And The Feasibility Of Digitally Preserving Moving I

1774 words - 8 pages 8mm, or Super 8mm. They also need to identify the film’s type of stock. They have to consider the feasibility of preserving and digitizing the moving image. These are just a few of the problems that archivists and librarians can encounter while attempting to preserve and digitize moving images. This paper looks at the protocol of assessing a film collection, film damage and decay problems, definitions of digital preservation, and the feasibility of

With Reference to Located, Examine the Problems Associated with the Increasing Use of Rural Areas for Recreation and Tourism (25)

1013 words - 5 pages negative impact upon the environment. Another negative impact of Recreation and Leisure in a rural community is the amount of tourism it brings in. An example of this is Shotover country park in  West Oxfordshire. This park attracts more than 600,000 tourists a year into the area. Some of this land is owned by Oxford university however it is mainly controlled by Oxford city council. One of the main problems with this attraction is that most

Analysis of Three Cbi/Nus Employability Attributes, Why They’re Relevant to the Tourism Sector, Opportunities for Developing Them at University and How They Will Maximise Potential for Future...

1434 words - 6 pages instructions. A quality employers will find specifically important when thinking about employability of a candidate. (Skills You Need, 2011-2014). In terms of the tourism industry, there is a need to “communicate with lots of different tourists” and to not let hassles of customer service, such as a complaint, bother the employee. Tourism workers need to have very good communication skills because they are “negotiating travel and accommodation deals

Real Travel Is Impossible

736 words - 3 pages to The Bruntland Report. Several writers have commented on how they feel about tourism and the services it is offering to the public. According to an article written by Malcolm Crick 1989, it talks about how he thinks that tourism has been changed and that it’s been artificially created to meet customer needs. The quote above is talking bout how tourists are not really experiencing real tourism of cultures and societies. The most popular types of

Sustainable Tourism Development in Heritage Sites

4981 words - 20 pages the stories and people of the past and present”; the only difference between the two definitions is that the cultural heritage tourism includes as well the present interest in the local communities of the site. But because visiting a heritage site can include both past and present, the concept has been set to the broad name of Heritage Tourism, auto including the interest not only for the past, but also for the present, including future

The Influence of Tourism in Least Developed Countries’ Economy in the Past Decade

1206 words - 5 pages irreplaceable profit stream, which leads to both development of the countries and gains them significant revenues, specifically, host countries improve their environment, which in turn increases tourism industry. Moreover, as a result of tourism, not only do the host countries benefit, but also tourists’ own country, as it leads to exchange profit. Consequently, the Least Developed Countries depend on this industry, in particular tourism; countries

Research Proposal

1028 words - 5 pages Lyceum of the Philippines University College of International Tourism and Hospitality Management RESEARCH PROPOSAL |(Working)/Title: | |Department of Tourism website: Its attraction to tourists | |Name of Proponent(s

Unit 1: the Contemporary Hospitality Industry

4230 words - 17 pages environmental issues. Considering the environmental issues affecting present age travel & tourism industry in South Africa it can be said that climate change (especially global warming) is one of the most popular reason which has driven several changes in the travel & tourism industry. With changing climatic conditions and excessive global warming at particular places attention of the tourists has shifted from these places to destinations having

Impact of the World Cup

4084 words - 17 pages have important implications for local geographies (William 2009:3). According to Boniface and Cooper (1994: 4) geographical tourism consist of three major components which are the country of origin of tourists, tourist destinations and the routes travelled between those two sets of locations. The study of tourist flow through this system is fundamental to the geography of tourism and can be achieved by considering the push and pull factors

Influence of Tourism

2338 words - 10 pages Table of Content Introduction 2 Section 1 Socio-cultural, environmental and economic impacts of tourism 2 Section 2 Tourism Demand & Supply 5 References 7 Introduction Agra is one of the most attractive places for tourists around the globe. The city is particularly renowned due to Taj Mahal and Agra Fort. In addition there are several gardens and monuments which are

Tourism Industry in Lebanon

546 words - 3 pages has managed to revive somewhat, but tourism has yet to return to its pre-war levels. Tourism in 1999 accounted for 9 percent of the GDP. In 2001, the tourism sector was one of the fastest growing sectors of the economy, with the number of tourists visiting Lebanon between 1996 and 2000 growing at the rate of 14 percent annually. In 2003 the tourism industry contributed 6.374 billion U.S. dollars to the Lebanese economy and in 2005 the receipts

Related Papers

Psychological And Psychoanalytical Definitions Of Psychosis

1494 words - 6 pages Psychoanalytical/psychological definitions of psychosis. Intro Psychosis is defined as a severe mental disorder in which thought and emotions are so impaired that contact is lost with external reality. Although this definition is generally accepted by both psychoanalysts and psychologists/psychiatrists alike, the way in which psychosis is diagnosed and treated differs dramatically. Psychoanalysis is very focussed on the development of

Describe And Evaluate One Or More Definitions Of Abnormality

631 words - 3 pages Describe and Evaluate one or more definitions of Abnormality One definition of Abnormality is deviation of Social Norms. Social norms are accepted ways of behaving within a society. They are the unwritten rules that members of a society regard as being normal and acceptable, and any deviation from them can be regarded as abnormal behaviour. Examples include ways of dressing, such as women wearing feminine clothing and men wearing masculine

The Social, Environmental And Economic Impact Of Tourism

2452 words - 10 pages in the long run. The Travel and Tourism industry is a highly sensitive industry. So, if the economy of that area is totally depends on tourism it will be very harmful not only for that area but country also. The Economic impact of Tourism Some positive impacts are: • Tourists contribute to sales, profits, tax revenues, and income in an area. • Creates more jobs • More locals will be employed = more money • Contributes to income and

History Of Prague: Travel And Tourism Guide Of Prague

1570 words - 7 pages can be tasted. There are twelve universities in Prague, including many arts academies. In 2008, there were 13,000 researchers working in and around the Czech Academies of Sciences. Works Cited "Praguewelcome – The Official Travel and Tourism Guide of Prague." Praguewelcome.cz. Prague Welcome 2014, 2014. Web. 23 Feb. 2014. "Prague." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Feb. 2014. Web. 20 Feb. 2014.