Dehydration Essay

1023 words - 5 pages

This essay will focus on dehydration, and water in the body how it is function. The reason water essential to health maintenance and what water can do to the body if not enough is obtained. This essay will mention how the body level based on hydration has on alcohol and caffeine. Sodium, potassium, and chloride compare and contrast how these different electrolytes function in the body. I will also explain the steps to take to ensure people not become dehydrated. Dehydration means excessive loss of water resulting in depletion of body fluids (Grosvenor & Smolin (2006).
Dehydration is that you lose more fluid than you take in which occurs because there is not enough water and other ...view middle of the document...

When the body does not get enough water you, get dehydrated that causes the mouth to be dry. The brain is signal that the mouth is dry the mouth become dry because less water is available to make saliva. The mouth becomes dry the brain is signal that then motivate you to drink.
Dehydration symptoms are from mild to severe these symptoms can be from thirst, headache, dry mouth and, even dark colored urine. Severe symptoms can lead to confusion, nausea, and confusion, lethargic or, comatose with severe dehydration (Medline Plus, 2009).
Sodium, potassium, and chloride are key electrolytes in your body (Grosvenor & Smolin (2006). Electrolytes regulate fluid balance, which is important for maintaining acid-bases balance throughout the body. An electrolyte is for nerve conduction and muscles contraction. Both sodium and potassium are electrically charged atom. Concentrated outside cells are sodium and concentrated inside a cell is potassium which are 30 times more concentrated than outside the cell. Chloride that is used for maintain fluid balance is a negative ion in the body. To regulate the amount of water in the body is sodium. Sodium result in the electric signal required for communication among different cells. Sodium high increase can raise blood pressure depending on the individual. People with diabetes or even high blood pressure are found in African American, who is very sensitive to blood pressure raising effect of dietary salt. Potassium blood levels can increase and regulates heartbeat that potentially cause death and muscle functions. Potassium can be deadly getting too much potassium from food from healthy people with normal kidney function.
Caffeine and alcohol do supply water to the body, but caffeine and alcohol are considered diuretics. Diuretic means anything that promotes the formation of urine by the kidney (MedicineNet, 2011) Diuretic increase urine output Caffeine has little or no effect on hydration of the body. People can drink about three cups of coffee and, it is considered completely moderate...

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