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Democracy & Human Rights In The Arab Countries

9821 words - 40 pages

INTRODUCTION 1CHAPTER 1: LEBANON 3CHAPTER 2: SAUDI ARABIA 15CHAPTER 3: EGYPT 21CHAPTER 4: UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 29Democracy and Human Rights in the Arab CountriesThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights was a revolutionary document when the United Nations passed it in 1948. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of goodwill. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedom set forth in the Declaration of human rights, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other ...view middle of the document...

The Casablanca Declaration provides a useful analysis of the human rights situation in the Arab world, as well as recommendations for human rights organizations. The Casablanca declaration informed that All peoples have the right of self-determination and control over their natural wealth and resources and, accordingly, have the right to freely determine the form of their political structure and to freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development, it insist that every individual has the right to life, liberty and security of person. These rights shall be protected by law There shall be no crime or punishment except as provided by law and there shall be no punishment in respect of an act preceding the spread of that provision. The accused shall benefit from subsequent legislation if it is in his favor. Everyone has the right to liberty and security of person and no one shall be arrested, held in custody or detained without a legal warrant and without being brought promptly before a judge.All persons are equal before the law and everyone within the territory of the State has a guaranteed right to legal remedy.We had introduced you the two most important declarations of human rights, the first one is a universal and the second one is regional (in the Arab world). However, we shall see the case in: Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and United Arab Emirates.Chapter 1: LebanonLebanon is a parliamentary republic in which the President is a Maronite Christian, the Prime Minister a Sunni Muslim, and the Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies a Shi'a Muslim. The Parliament consists of 128 deputies, equally divided between Christian and Muslim representatives. The Constitution provides for an independent judiciary; however, in practice, it was subject to political pressure.The Government's overall human rights record remained poor, although there were some improvements in a few areas, serious problems remain. The right of citizens to change their government remained significantly restricted by the lack of complete government control over parts of the country, shortcomings in the electoral system, the flawed 2000 elections, and Syrian influence. Members of the security forces used excessive force to torture and abused some detainees. Prison conditions remained poor. The Government also arbitrarily arrested and detained persons who were critical of government policies. Lengthy pretrial detention and long delays in trials remained problems. The courts were subject to political pressure, seriously hampering judicial independence. The Government limited press and media freedom. It continued to restrict freedom of assembly and imposed some limits on freedom of association. Domestic violence against women and children remained problems. There were some restrictions on freedom of religion.Our constitution is between the best in the world for protecting human rights and democracy, but in this case we will not talk about it, because the theory and the fact are...

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