Depressive Disorder Essay

2020 words - 9 pages

Depressive Disorder
Nalleli Araujo
Florida National University
Prof. Rafael Ramos

This paper will enhance your perspective as to how depressive disorders affect individuals of different ages throughout their lifespan. I will discuss the variation of depressive disorders and the presence and severity of depressive symptoms as provided by The American Journal of Psychiatry. Although the origins of the disorder are complex, effective treatments have been established. Recent knowledge into depression can help providers gain insight into their patient’s unique needs.

When we hear the word disorder most individuals imagine a self-destructive, disorganized, person, place or ...view middle of the document...

According to the DSM-5 (2013) main disorders, rather than just two these depressive disorders are: Bipolar Disorder, and Persistent Depressive Disorder. As the name implies, Persistent Depressive Disorder features chronicity as defining symptom, but also chronic Major Depressive, Postpartum Depression, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder. The DSM-5 no longer has a separate category of disorders for children. Instead, disorders are grouped together into diagnostic categories that share similar features and presumed etiologies.
Bipolar Disorder (or manic-depressive illness) is characterized by episodes of major depression as well as episodes of mania- periods of abnormally and persistently elevated mood or irritability accompanied by at least three of the following symptoms: overly-inflated self-esteem; decreased need for sleep; increased talkativeness; racing thoughts; distractibility; increased goal-directed activity it physical agitation; and excessive involvement in pleasurable activities that have a high potential for painful consequences. While sharing some of the features or major depression bipolar disorder is a different illness. According to DSM-5 Bipolar also includes some elevated episodes, expansive and irritable mood. In addition to elevated mood.
Dysthymic Disorder is characterized by chronic depression, but with less severity than a major depression. The main symptom for Dysthymic disorder is an almost daily depressed mood for at least two years, but without the necessary criteria for a major depression. Low energy, sleep or appetite disturbances and low self-esteem are usually part of the clinical picture as well.
Peoples who have Dysthymic disorder will often report People who have Dysthymic disorder will often report that they don't recall ever not feeling depressed, but they may be relatively functional in managing their life, although the symptoms are severe enough to cause distress and interference with important life role responsibilities. It is important to have a complete physical to rule out any physical illnesses that might be causing the depression. Also, if the person has a chronic medical condition that appears to be the cause for the depression (such as any chronic debilitating condition), then the correct diagnosis might be a Mood Disorder due to a general Medical Condition, even if all the criteria for Dysthymic disorder are met. The question is whether the medical condition is physically causing the depression, rather than creating chronic psychological distress that is causing the depression. 
Major Depressive Disorder is a condition in which is a condition characterized by one or more Major Depressive Episodes without a history of Manic, Mixed or Hypomanic Episodes, There Major Depressives Episodes are not due to a medical condition, medication, abused substance, or Psychosis. If Manic, Mixed or Hypomanic Episodes develop, the diagnosis is changed to Bipolar Disorder....

Other Essays Like Depressive Disorder

Bipolar Disorder Essay

1522 words - 7 pages Bipolar Disorder The severe mood fluctuations of bipolar or manic-depressive disorders have been around since the 16-century and affect little more than 2% of the population in sexes, all races, and all parts of the world (Harmon 3). Researchers think that the cause is genetic, but it is still unknown. The one fact of which we are painfully aware of is that bipolar disorder severely undermines its victims ability to obtain and maintain

Depression Paper

1006 words - 5 pages and even bipolar disorder. At times it is hard to distinguish major depressive disorder to bipolar disorder. There are great similarities and at times someone can be misdiagnosed with the wrong illness. It is important to know the difference in the two and to also know the symptoms. Just as it is important to know the reasons what and how, it is also important to know the why. When diagnosing major depressive disorder it is important to know that

Bipolar Disorder

2431 words - 10 pages characterized by depressed mood, elevated mood or (mania), or alternations of depressed and elevated moods. The classical term is manic-depressive illness, a newer term is Bipolar disorder. The two are interchangeable. Milder forms of a depressive syndrome are called dysthymic disorder, mild forms of mania are hypomania and the milder expressions of Bipolar disorder are called cyclothymic disorders.The use of the term primary affective disorder refers

Psychological Mood Disorders

666 words - 3 pages be mostly mania or depression, or an abrupt shifting between the two. One of the most common types of affective disorder is manic depressive illness, more commonly called bipolar disorder. The disorder causes a major change in mood, with manic episodes, making someone feel euphoric and invincible. Manic episodes can be dangerous because they may make a person more likely to become involved in risky behavior, such as unsafe sexual promiscuity or

Bipolar Disorder

814 words - 4 pages through cycles of manic and depressive symptoms. Some of the symptoms included with bipolar disorder through the manic cycle include; nervousness, poor judgment, increased sex drive, euphoria, boundless energy, or reckless spending and making decisions without thinking of the consequences. Some symptoms included with bipolar disorder through the depressive cycle include; low energy, constant fatigue, lack of confidence, sadness, no interest in tasks

Bipolar Disorder - 2389 words

2389 words - 10 pages psychopathology. (5) Patients with bipolar disorder swing between major depressive, mixed, hypomanic, and manic episodes. (1-9) A major depressive episode is when the patient has either a depressed mood or a loss of interest/pleasure in normal activities for a minimum of two weeks. Specifically, the patient should have (mostly): depressed mood for most of the day, nearly every day; diminished interest or pleasure in activities; weight loss or gain (a

Dissociation and Multiple Personalities (Did)

1007 words - 5 pages perspective. The learning perspective views anxiety disorders as a product of fear conditioning, stimulus generalization, reinforcement, and observational learning. The biological perspective emphasizes evolutionary, genetic, and physiological influences.Mood Disorders 6. Describe major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. In major depressive disorder, a person-without apparent reason-descends for weeks or months into deep unhappiness

Chronic Depression

1344 words - 6 pages €™s a state of mind. It is a constant sadness, different from average emotions. These feelings last longer than normal sadness, and are usually much more severe. The text defines major depressive disorder as having at least five signs of depression that last two or more weeks and are not caused by drugs or a medical condition (Myers, 2007, p.477). Depression is felt due to neurotransmitters in the brain, which cause a chemical imbalance. There are

Mental Abnormalities

1091 words - 5 pages personally and or socially. Ex: An inability to hold down a job or maintain social relationships. Diagnostic criteria for mental disorders are essentially descriptions of symptoms that fall into four categories, Mood, Behavior, Cognitive and Somatic (Physical). Ex: To be diagnosed with a Major Depressive Disorder, a patient`s mood symptoms would include depressed mood and feelings of worthlessness or guilt. Behavioral symptoms would include social


1007 words - 5 pages whatever problem you may have. Going to a doctor to get things under control without doing it on your own does really take some big pressure off you. Unipolar Definition Another name for unipolar disorder is called major depressive disorder. Depression may be described as feeling sad, blue, unhappy, miserable, or down in the dumps. Most of us feel way at one time or another for short periods of time. True clinical depression is an illness. It

Breast Cancer

2235 words - 9 pages following year, the term “bipolar disorder” supplanted “manic depressive disorder” in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders (commonly known as DSM). In the beginning people with mental health issues were devalued and misunderstood. In medieval Europe people that had uncontrollable outburst or violent were considered to be possessed by demons. They were dangerous and to be

Related Papers

Major Depressive Disorder Essay

806 words - 4 pages May 9, 2012 Psychology Major Depressive Disorder Many people face a time in their life where nothing seems to be going right. They may be really sad and put a label on their sadness as depression. In the society we live in people do not understand how to differentiate sadness and depression. Major Depressive Disorder is not all that present in people and is the most severe form of depression. It can even lead to a Manic

Understanding Bipolar Disorder And Evaluating The Possible Causes And Treatments

1591 words - 7 pages phases which include the manic phase, the hypomanic phase, and the depressive phase. The manic phase causes patients to feel overly confident and excited. While manic, they may be irresponsalbe, impulsive, dillusional, and hallisutionartory. Because the hypomanic phase is a less severe form of mania, it usually does not interfere with everyday life. The final phase of bipolar disorder is the depressive phase, and because this phase has the same

Bipolar Disorder Essay 654 Words

654 words - 3 pages . Extreme sadness, a lack of energy or interest in things, an inability to enjoy normally pleasurable activities, and feelings of helplessness or hopelessness are symptoms of a depressive episode. Bipolar disorder affects the physical, mental, and emotional life of the individual. Many people suffering from bipolar disorder become addicted to drugs and alcohol. This is harmful for anyone, but it is even worse for people who have bipolar disorder

Psychology Essay

1564 words - 7 pages -depressive illness. Children with bipolar disorder go through unusual mood changes. Sometimes they feel very happy or "up," and are much more active than usual. This is called mania. And sometimes children with bipolar disorder feel very sad and "down," and are much less active than usual. This is called depression. Bipolar disorder is not the same as the normal ups and downs every kid goes through. Bipolar symptoms are more powerful than that. The