Depressive Disorder Essay

2020 words - 9 pages

Depressive Disorder
Nalleli Araujo
Florida National University
Prof. Rafael Ramos

Abstract
This paper will enhance your perspective as to how depressive disorders affect individuals of different ages throughout their lifespan. I will discuss the variation of depressive disorders and the presence and severity of depressive symptoms as provided by The American Journal of Psychiatry. Although the origins of the disorder are complex, effective treatments have been established. Recent knowledge into depression can help providers gain insight into their patient’s unique needs.

When we hear the word disorder most individuals imagine a self-destructive, disorganized, person, place or ...view middle of the document...

According to the DSM-5 (2013) main disorders, rather than just two these depressive disorders are: Bipolar Disorder, and Persistent Depressive Disorder. As the name implies, Persistent Depressive Disorder features chronicity as defining symptom, but also chronic Major Depressive, Postpartum Depression, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder. The DSM-5 no longer has a separate category of disorders for children. Instead, disorders are grouped together into diagnostic categories that share similar features and presumed etiologies.
Bipolar Disorder (or manic-depressive illness) is characterized by episodes of major depression as well as episodes of mania- periods of abnormally and persistently elevated mood or irritability accompanied by at least three of the following symptoms: overly-inflated self-esteem; decreased need for sleep; increased talkativeness; racing thoughts; distractibility; increased goal-directed activity it physical agitation; and excessive involvement in pleasurable activities that have a high potential for painful consequences. While sharing some of the features or major depression bipolar disorder is a different illness. According to DSM-5 Bipolar also includes some elevated episodes, expansive and irritable mood. In addition to elevated mood.
Dysthymic Disorder is characterized by chronic depression, but with less severity than a major depression. The main symptom for Dysthymic disorder is an almost daily depressed mood for at least two years, but without the necessary criteria for a major depression. Low energy, sleep or appetite disturbances and low self-esteem are usually part of the clinical picture as well.
Peoples who have Dysthymic disorder will often report People who have Dysthymic disorder will often report that they don't recall ever not feeling depressed, but they may be relatively functional in managing their life, although the symptoms are severe enough to cause distress and interference with important life role responsibilities. It is important to have a complete physical to rule out any physical illnesses that might be causing the depression. Also, if the person has a chronic medical condition that appears to be the cause for the depression (such as any chronic debilitating condition), then the correct diagnosis might be a Mood Disorder due to a general Medical Condition, even if all the criteria for Dysthymic disorder are met. The question is whether the medical condition is physically causing the depression, rather than creating chronic psychological distress that is causing the depression. 
Major Depressive Disorder is a condition in which is a condition characterized by one or more Major Depressive Episodes without a history of Manic, Mixed or Hypomanic Episodes, There Major Depressives Episodes are not due to a medical condition, medication, abused substance, or Psychosis. If Manic, Mixed or Hypomanic Episodes develop, the diagnosis is changed to Bipolar Disorder....

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