Descartes Meditation Essay

671 words - 3 pages

Philosophy 1
Discussion Analyses Rene Descartes: Meditation 1 an d2

1. Identify the author’s essay thesis, i.e. the position the author supports on the topic.
Descartes begins to question and place doubt on all the beliefs that come to us from senses. He basically questions is it knowledge and if so what makes it different from opinion.
2. Identify the position against which the essay’s author argues.
Descartes uses three very similar arguments to open all our knowledge to doubt: The dream argument, the deceiving God argument, and the evil demon argument. He takes what he learned in meditation 1 and keeps building on his beliefs.
3. State the data, e.g. reasons/facts/evidence, the author provides to support her/his position on the issue. (You should provide in one sentence or more, the main point of each of the essay’s paragraphs in the ...view middle of the document...

Descartes points out that God has it in his power to deceive us even about matters of mathematical knowledge which we seem to see clearly. And question f it’s possible that we are deceived even in our mathematical knowledge of the basic structure of the world. The evil demon argument he then brings up that instead of assuming that God is the source of our deceptions , we will assume that there exists an evil demon, who is capable of deceiving us in the same way we supposed God could. So he then comes with reason to doubt the totality of what his senses tell him as well as the mathematical knowledge. Descartes argues to figure the essence of wax he ask if it’s by senses, by imagination or by the mind alone. Because he can touch it is it real?
4. State the data, e.g. reasons/facts/evidence, the author gives for why the opposed position on the topic is unacceptable.
Descartes realizes that someone may not accept that all of the elements of our dreams may be illusory so he introduced the God theory to increase the scope of doubt. But like myself he held that God would not deceive us he introduced the evil demon. He concluded that the source of our knowledge cannot lie in the sense he kept building from mediation 1 . I think he just has tons of questions and reasoning behind them he builds from each step of his arguments.

5. What social/economic/intellectual, and/or emotional level of personal life do you infer the author.
I think Descartes was stable emotionally his arguments were clear. I believe he was doing ok for himself I mean he was sitting in front of his fireplace and no t under a bridge.
6. Do you agree/disagree with the author’s position on the issue, and give reasons on why do or why you don’t.
I would say I never really thought about I guess my mind doesn’t quiet work like that but now that I have read this I think it’s interesting but I do not believe in the deceiving God argument. It was a good topic to bring up since that’s a touchy topic I don’t hear much about.

7. Is the author’s position able to be extended equitably on a national/global basis?
I would say yes .

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