Student number: 09010119
Describe the main features of person centred therapy and psychodynamic therapy. Which of these do you feel more personally drawn to and why?
Person centred therapy was first introduced by Carl Rogers (1957) and is a humanistic approach to counselling. Rogers (1957) claims therapeutic process is accomplished by the client themselves, not just by the therapist. In contrast to Psychoanalysts such as Freud, who say that humans are never free from childhood experiences, Rogerian counselling focuses more on the present rather than the past. Rogers didn’t see the client as someone who needs mending, but someone who needs help in order to help themselves. Rogers described ...view middle of the document...
Expanding on this Rogers (1957) stated there needed to be three core conditions in a counselling session in order to get the best out of it. These are:
1. Congruence- Being yourself, being real and genuine towards the client
2. Unconditional Positive Regard – Being non-judgmental, prizing and accepting of the client
3. Empathy- The ability to feel and understand the client’s feelings as if they were the therapists’ own.
If all conditions were present the client should be able to grow as a person and have a positive outcome from the counselling.
Person centred therapy is very adaptable and can be used for a broad range of problems, such as: schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, alcohol disorders, cognitive dysfunction, and personality disorders. The person centred approach can also be used in individual, group, or family therapy. As there are no strict guide lines regarding the length of therapy it means the client is not rushed. This can happen with other therapies that have a set time scale, which can result in relapse. Also sessions can be adjusted according to the client's needs and ended once the client feels it is no longer needed, which is very flexible and helpful for the client.
The expected results of person centred therapy include: improved self esteem; trust in own decisions; increased ability to learn from mistakes; decreased feelings of defensiveness, guilt and insecurity; more positive and comfortable relationships with others and being more open to new experiences. (Rogers 1966). Findings from Stiles, W. B., Barkham, M., Mellor-Clark, J., & Connell, J. (2008), indicate that people who have been undergone person centred therapy remain stable over time, and the change is substantial compared to those who have not been treated.
However, it can be said person centred therapy it is not effective for those with low levels of education, as they find it hard to express themselves in order to self actualise. It’s also hard for those who have a mental illness or who may be uncomfortable talking about themselves. The principals are also vague, and by using the client’s self-evaluation as the way to judge the outcome of therapy it can be bias. Another criticism is that the core conditions are present in other therapies anyway, but other forms of therapy then use other techniques to help the client after these are established. Despite this, Carl Rogers’ contribution to counselling has been revolutionary and can be seen as a positive theory of human potential.
Another form of counselling is Psychodynamic therapy, which takes its roots in the work of Freud, Klien and Jung ( Dryden 2002).Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis theory and this was followed up by the works of Klein and Jung who expanded on his theories (Nye 2000). These theories are classified as psychodynamic. This theory is based upon the client bringing their true feelings to the surface, so that they can experience and understand them. Psychodynamic therapy...