Describe The Values And Strategies You Would Adopt To Provide An Effective Learning Environment For Primary School Students Who Speak Esl

960 words - 4 pages

Given that it is unlikely that any classroom will include the teacher and all students belonging to the same cultural heritage and linguistic background, it is important that every teacher, from the outset of their practice, be aware of the impact differences of language use will create for their learners. "If one individual or group is unable to understand the communication systems in place in the classroom, that individual or group quickly becomes alienated and excluded from the classroom learning experience" (Green and Campbell 2003, 52). There is no doubt that the values and strategies adopted by the teacher will impact on the success or otherwise of the second language student.It is ...view middle of the document...

A teacher may be aware that "linguistic output does not necessarily reflect cognitive understandings; learners often know far more than they can express in a second or foreign language" (282 Unit Guide, 20), enabling them to adjust their strategies and planned learning experiences accordingly. There are a range of strategies that can be put in place to ensure a supportive classroom for students learning English as a second language. These will support any child's language learning, but are of special relevance to bilingual and bidialectal students. An assortment of these are briefly described below.One of the first to attend to may be the creation of a comfortable learning environment. Gibbons (1991, 282 Reader, 374) suggests that "student's attitudes to learning and their confidence in themselves as learners are key factors in successful learning." And also that "positive responses by teachers to student's first language and culture are important in enhancing learner's self esteem and developing their confidence." The environment must include mental, visual and aural stimulation, and be psychologically comfortable and accepting (Green and Campbell 2003, 200). The classroom, then, must be a place where the student feels valued, accepted, supported and able to take risks with their learning, to ensure that classroom anxiety is not a factor working against language learning.The language program should be balanced and focused on meaning making, incorporating a mix of real life, life like and focused learning experiences. (Green and Campbell 2003, 201). If a student understands the purpose behind the learning, and can make links to their own background and experiences, they will be far more successful at making connections between the tasks and the outcomes.The teacher may ensure frequent opportunities for interaction between themselves and individual students,...

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