This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Designing Effective Work Teams Essay

1152 words - 5 pages

DESIGNING EFFECTIVE WORK TEAMS
Types of Work Teams
Most commonly, types of teams can be grouped into self-managed work teams, cross-functional teams, and virtual teams. As mentioned in part one, the authors of Organizational Behaviour define a group as “two or more people interacting interdependently to achieve a common goal” (Saks & Johns, 2014). In other words, a team is a collection of individuals who are interdependent in their tasks, who share responsibility for outcomes, who see themselves and who are seen by others as an intact social entity embedded in one or more larger social systems (for example, business unit or corporation), and who manage their relationships across ...view middle of the document...

Similarly, a team of middle-management staff from different areas of the organization spending their time problem solving a large issue, the task is also challenging, complex, and interdependent.
Within team composition, stability, size, expertise, and diversity, are the main factors that contribute to team effectiveness. A successful team builds stability through establishing trust, understanding, and cohesiveness among team members. However, stability can be affected by team member rotation and turnover. The size of the team is determined based on the task, expertise, and diversity of skills required by team members. The team members should collectively have a proper mix of expertise relevant to the task with diversity to work well together as a team and bring the necessary abilities and skills to optimise the team performance. The size of the team should be small enough to achieve the task, and allow for efficient and effective interaction.
Management support encompasses training, rewards, and encouraging independence. Training requirements vary according to team type and composition. A common theme is cross-training which provides training and incentives for learning new skills: social skills, including problem solving, analytical skills, and deductive reasoning; language skills, and the ability to work in a multicultural environment; and, specific business training for team members outside of their main domain, especially in self-managed teams. Rewards are a significant motivator for team members. Rewards work well when tied to team accomplishments and outcomes. Team member autonomy can affect team performance; the more autonomy afforded to a team the better it will perform overall.
West (2012) indicates that team effectiveness is derived from team members’ efforts, knowledge, skills, and performance strategies. These four attributes are collectively referred to as the team process. Team effectiveness can be seen as constituting five main components: 1) task effectiveness, 2) team member well-being, 3) team viability, 4) team innovation, and 5) inter-team cooperation. (West, Effective teamwork : practical lessons from organizational research, 2012). This view provides a comprehensive approach to team effectiveness that is beyond simply the responsibility to achieve a common goal, or meet measured outcomes.
Measuring Effectiveness of Work Teams
Sundstrom et. al suggest a framework for analyzing effectiveness of teams must consist of organizational context, boundaries, and team development (Sundstrom, De Meuse, & Futrell, 1990). Organizational context refers to organizational culture and values, task design, impact of technology, clarity of the mission to all team members, team member autonomy, timely evaluation of performance and feedback, reward and recognition system (to keep...

Other Essays Like Designing Effective Work Teams

Real Teams Essay

2260 words - 10 pages Hartzell) number of functional teams to achieve the A working group/team desired results irrespective of its size. As the saying goes, ‘two heads are better than one’. This adage explains precisely Cross-Functional teams how a group works. Formation of efficient In these teams, the members are brought groups is the result of merger of thoughts together from various functional areas to and work experiences of

Organisational Behavior Essay

2230 words - 9 pages interpersonal conflicts. Virtual teams can be effective because they are flexible and are driven by information and skills rather than time and location. However, caution must also be paid when assembling a virtual group. Internet chat rooms, for example, may create more work and result in poorer decisions than face-to-face meetings and telephone conferences unless there is adequate training and some experience with the technology. In total

The Human Computer Interface

1591 words - 7 pages machine at the doctor’s office, all of these technologies are designed to interact with humans. The science behind designing technologies to meet the needs of human interaction is known as the human-computer interface. The human-computer interface involves many different perspectives in order to be effective. Most companies assemble a team when trying to develop a software program. This team can include people from departments such as

Management Essay

651 words - 3 pages with people and expand knowledge of their products and services. They integrated the departments into teams or groups that would collaborate and skillfully work together to complete the assigned tasks. Today, technological advances have created the concepts known as Knowledge Management and e-learning, which have changed how we distribute, produce and store knowledge (Geeta, 2010). Managers will soon demonstrate in their daily routines how to

A Global Leader in Home Movie and Game Entertainment

958 words - 4 pages . & Larson, E. (2005). Project Management: The Managerial Process, 3rd ed. Leadership: Being an Effective Project Manager. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies Gary, C. & Larson, E. (2005) Project Management: Managing Project Teams. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies IMB. Pulse 2008. Blockbuster event spotlights innovation and service management vision Retrieved March 10, 2009 from www.ibm.com James, G. (2003

Leadership Techniques

729 words - 3 pages . To establish effective project teams a leadership structure optimizing maximum results must be agreed upon. According to a study done by Drexel University analyzing effective leadership styles to produce effective project teams, “[…] effective leadership style will reduce attrition rates, achieve organizational goals and optimize employee performance and productivity which are essential […] in this ‘global competitive environment

organisation behaviour

3957 words - 16 pages -Solving Teams 344 • Self-Managed Work Teams 344 • Cross-Functional Teams 345 • Virtual Teams 346 Creating Effective Teams 312 Context: What Factors Determine Whether Teams Are Successful 347 • Team Composition 349 • Team Processes 353 Turning Individuals into Team Players 356 Selecting: Hiring Team Players 357 • Training: Creating Team Players 358 • Rewarding: Providing Incentives to Be a Good Team Player 358 Beware! Teams Aren't

Children’s Hospital Case Study and the Relationship with the Readings from Managing Change: Equity & Action

1044 words - 5 pages became her priority. Morath attended some training that gave her a lot of impetus and skills to bring out effective management in the children’s hospital. This brought change and improved the performance of the hospital. Morath started by putting a core team of personnel in place to help in designing and launching the patient safety initiative. She took charge in the hospital and by August 1999, she had sought assistance of many people who were

Group and Teams

749 words - 3 pages Groups and Teams Paper The future world of management is relying on Groups and Teams, who can function in a business setting for productive success. However, if using the managing skills correctly Teams and Groups may evolve into an effective high performing organization. The effort of writing this paper is to enlighten readers on the difference between Groups and Teams dynamical functioning. Nevertheless, with the provision of exclusive

Proposal Plan, Part I

896 words - 4 pages grown because of its designing capabilities. The quality measures of the company products are advanced. The objective for the company is to remain in a stable competitive position within the dynamic business environment. Improvement in the level of revenue is something the company can obtain while establishing quality products for their customers. The objective is to change its inventory management system. The company employs more than

Participative Management

3714 words - 15 pages determined by the motivation of the team members and focuses on the variety of skills essential to the successful completion of the task. Group composition includes not only the specifically skilled, but also a diverse, multi-talented cross section of the organization, including all levels of management (Corderey, Mueller, and Smith, 1991). 1.2. Characteristics of Self-Managed Work Teams Virtually every effective self-managed team

Related Papers

The Benefit Of Using Teams Essay

533 words - 3 pages choose responsibilities in areas where they excel and aligning each person behind a common goal early on is an effective way to provide individual accountability and reduce the chances of failure or social loafing. Teams provide many benefits to the organization. Primarily, a diverse sample of team members will learn from one another and produce work that is of a higher quality due to the synergy of ideas that takes place in a group setting

Sources Of Polarities Essay

1169 words - 5 pages ABSTRACT]) Lando,MaryAnn. (1999, November). The holistic healthcare executive: Balancing personal and professional lives. Healthcare Executive, 14(6), 126. Retrieved May 27, 2010, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 45901502). (The effective healthcare leader must develop methods for being effective at work and maintaining a healthy personal life. Balancing one's work and personal lives is a day-to-day negotiation that involves knowing your values

Changing World Of Communication Essay

828 words - 4 pages to write or to send and receive e-mail or designing web pages can add-up in dollars. Designing advertisement adds or media sales promotion can cost a company but if effective can benefit with outstanding results. Poor communication will results in redoing the work that causes lost time and money. Legal issues can arise from poor communication, which affects the goodwill of the company. Good communication saves time and makes efforts more

Assignment

599 words - 3 pages motivating teams, building commitment and managing resistance to change. Before the start of the programme, participants will be required to complete a comprehensive 360-degree leadership assessment and a behaviour profiling questionnaire. During the programme, professional facilitators will work with participants individually and in small groups to interpret the assessments and provide a personalised reflective experience. The facilitators will