This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Developments In Vietnam Essay

1643 words - 7 pages

It is my privilege to be here with you today representing the United Nations in Viet Nam. We appreciate the opportunity to participate with the Viet Nam Academy of Social Sciences in this event, and I would like to thank Prof Do Hoai Nam and Dr Nguyen Xuan Thang and all those at VASS who have contributed their time, effort and resources towards a better understanding of migration and its links to development and poverty reduction. I have no doubt your extensive research and unwavering support for evidence-based policymaking is of great value to the people of Viet Nam.

Today’s theme is of importance not only to Viet Nam, but also to many other countries around the world. In fact, ...view middle of the document...

And second, that many migrants are vulnerable and require special attention from policymakers.

Migrants’ contribution to development

Data indicates that recent internal migration has been significant. Based on the last available national census from 1999 we know that five years before the census, nearly 4.5 million persons changed their place of residence in Viet Nam - of which about 1.6 million moved from rural to urban areas.

More recent data provided by the 2007 National Survey of Population Dynamics show that the migration rate was 7.5 migrants per 1,000 people, more than double the 2005 rate . During the 12 months preceding the survey, 802,000 migrants moved within a region and 631,000 people migrated between regions of the country. Next month the full results of the 2009 Census will provide us with more updated information on internal migration.

But what is the basis for the claim that migrants have been a major contributor to Viet Nam’s development? A quick review of the numbers I think could help to answer this question.

Recent internal migration has coincided with rapid economic growth in Viet Nam. There is general agreement that during the last two decades, migration from rural to urban and industrial areas has met much of the demand for labour created by industrial development and foreign investment following the doi moi reforms.

We also know that as a result of economic development over the past decades, Viet Nam has experienced a substantial reduction in poverty ¬– from 58 per cent in 1993 to 15.9 per cent in 2006 . Migration is clearly one of the cornerstones of Viet Nam’s success in poverty reduction, which has been occurring since the early 1990s. In HCMC, for instance, it is estimated that migrants contributed 30 percent to the city’s GDP .

Research also indicates that portions of the income earned in the urban and industrial areas in Viet Nam tend to be remitted to poorer areas of the country, and this is one of the positive direct effects of people’s movement. In Viet Nam, the (rough) estimates for remittances resulting from both internal and international migration in 2007 are as high as 5.5 billion USD , with an increasing proportion coming from internal migrants.

Furthermore, migrants, who are increasingly young and female, tend to be among the best educated and most enterprising in rural areas, and use their savings, skills and experience to set up small- and medium-sized businesses and create jobs in their home communities.

All told, the benefits of migration are multiple: the work of migrants contributes to national and local socio-economic development, which is felt at the individual level by the migrants themselves and their families.

It should be noted, however, that though the importance of economic reasons in the decision to migrate is clear, there are migrants who move for family and education reasons, among others.

Ladies and Gentlemen
Now a bit about the other...

Other Essays Like Developments in Vietnam

Econometric Essay

1875 words - 8 pages 5.2. Practical significance: One of the striking developments in Vietnam in recent years has been the large external capital inflow mostly in the form of foreign direct investment (FDI). The effect of FDI has been largely positive on Vietnam’s domestic economy, providing an engine of economic growth by increasing productive capacity and enhancing productivity. Foreign – invested

Changes in the Global Economy and How These Changes Affect the Development Progress and Development Pattern of the Developing Countries

1666 words - 7 pages integration of Vietnam into the global market could be taken as a typical example. Formerly being considered a less developed country, Vietnam attracted more and more foreign direct investment when we opened to the foreign capital resources through many preferential policies. As a result, Vietnam has been considered a favoured destination for FDI in the South East Asia region, attracting more than US $192.91 billion during the last two decades. This

Studying the History of Warfare

1012 words - 5 pages weaponry and tactics. One of the most important developments in military revolution was the implementation of linear formations, first by Maurice of Orange (1567-1625) and then by Gustav Adolf (1594-1632). Not only did these smaller unit formations, based on Roman formations and only three or four ranks deep (in sharp contrast to the massive Spanish tercios and Swiss columns that had previously been in style), allow for greater maneuverability and

• Evaluate Approaches to Self-Managed Learning

3301 words - 14 pages : | Contents Evidence for the criteria 2 Introduction 5 Carry out organisational (Honda) auditing and analysis of external factors that affecting the marketing planning in Vietnam (1.4) 6 The marketing environment 6 Marketing strategies 6 Marketing system 7 Marketing organization 8 Marketing functions 8 Assess the main barriers of marketing planning (2.1) 9 2.1 Assess the main barriers

Maritime Boundary And Territorial Issues

1858 words - 8 pages islands. On 16 March 2009, China defended its action of sending a patrol ship to the disputed Spratly Group, stating that it was not a violation of an agreement to maintain the peace in the area. Talks on a joint Code of Conduct to ease tension have stalled despite the Declaration of the Conduct of Parties issued in 2002. Philippines and Vietnam have been especially alarmed by recent developments in the South China Sea such as the establishment

Chapter 11 Summary

1233 words - 5 pages of Japan was a good because they avoided destructive invasions; it was bad because they lacked knowledge of some developments that could have aided with change in Japan. Korea and China have always had a relationship that has been characterized by tension and conflict. Due to the very mountainous nature farming was probably not practiced in early Korea. At one point it is believed that the Han dynasty ruled Korea. After the fall of the Han

Development of stringent rules & regulations by the governments on food safety testing

949 words - 4 pages options for your business. We look forward to support the client to be able to better address customer needs; stay ahead in the market; become the top competitor and get real-time recommendations on business strategies and deals. Contact us to find out how we can help you today. Trends and Developments In the last couple of years, the world has experienced a huge rise in the prices of food. As per the estimates shared by the World Bank, the

Jfk More Than a President

1562 words - 7 pages reached with the Soviet Union and Great Britain on a nuclear test-ban treaty. The Alliance for Progress, a program of aid for Latin America, proved popular. These developments were clouded, however, by the worsening situation in South Vietnam, where Kennedy had committed 17,000 U.S. military advisers on behalf of an unstable regime beset by corruption and a growing Communist insurgency. Domestic Affairs Kennedy's wit and charm earned him

Bladerunner and Frankenstein

1270 words - 6 pages To what extent has your study of two comparative texts led to a greater understanding of the ways texts reflect the contexts in which they were composed whilst exploring universal concerns? Whilst texts may be fictitious constructs of composers’ imaginations, they also explore and address the societal issues of their eras. This is evident within Mary Shelley’s compelling novel Frankenstein (1818) and Ridley Scott’s sci-fi classic film Blade

Ethical Case for Reinstating the Draft

2893 words - 12 pages . At two key points in American history, the draft was highly divisive and resulted in massive protests: the Civil War and Vietnam. President Nixon and Congress abolished the draft in 1973. Reinstituting the draft would require an act of Congress Political and moral motives[edit] Further information: Social contract, Social solidarity, and Active citizenship Jean Jacques Rousseau argued vehemently against professional armies, feeling it

Vietnam Foreign Policy

2175 words - 9 pages comprehensive and durable cooperation between Viet Nam and Canada has witnessed positive developments. The EU has always been Viet Nam’s major economic, trade and investment partner. Vietnam and the EU are negotiating a comprehensive partnership and cooperation agreement to establish a new framework for better bilateral relations. Positive developments have been seen in political area as well as trade, investment, development cooperation

Related Papers

Ngo Dinh Diem Essay

530 words - 3 pages developments were hindered up to 1963. Through preventing the reunification of Vietnam and imposing his dictatorship on the Vietnamese majority, Vietnam's advancements socially and politically were made impossible. Diem played a significant role as a tyrannical influence in Vietnam as he contributed little in the development of Vietnam and only served to burden it.

Aarkstore Vietnam Tyre Market Forecast And Opportunities, 2019

1414 words - 6 pages Vietnam Tyre Market Forecast and Opportunities, 2019 Summary Vietnam, one of the developing economies in Asia-Pacific with a population of about 90 million as of 2013, is emerging as a major market for automotive tyres. Due to continuous increase in the country’s per capita GDP, motorization level of Vietnam has been growing at a faster pace. As a result, the country’s vehicle parc has been swelling tremendously year on year

Lyndon Baines Johnson Essay

1516 words - 7 pages Lyndon Johnson led the country for five years (1963-1968) after President John FitzgeraldKennedy died of gunshot wounds on November 22, 1963. He formulated many policies andcarried out many others that Kennedy could not finish. He faced many foreign problems as well,including the Vietnam War and the Cold War. How he dealt with foreign problems put him nearlast if not last in foreign affairs, when compared to other presidents. Johnson always

Cheese In Vietnam Essay

3276 words - 14 pages to dominate cheese in Vietnam. The most notable international companies were Bel Vietnam, Groupe Lactalis and Fonterra Brands (Vietnam) Co Ltd. Vietnam Dairy Products was the only local company active in cheese. However, it faced a considerable challenge in terms of competing with international players.  A key example of new product developments in 2014 was Susu Pho Mai Tuoi (Susu Fresh Cheese) of Vietnam Dairy Products JSC (Vinamilk), which