There are different patterns and trends in health and illness among many social groupings I have been asked by my employer to investigate these patterns and trends to determine whether a new, larger healthcare centre is needed for the local area. I am going to be examining diabetes within different age groups. The age groups I will be looking at will be:
* 0 - 4 years
* 10 - 14 years
* 16 - 34 years
* 75+ years
It is estimated that there is more than one in twenty people that suffer from diabetes within the UK, both diagnosed and undiagnosed. “There are 2.9 million people who have been diagnosed with diabetes in the UK (2011). By 2025, it is estimated that five million ...view middle of the document...
These perspectives are very good at looking into the social side and medical side of diabetes however they don’t focus on the individual and the statistical artefacts as a result their beliefs may be dangerous, the individual may be prescribed unnecessary dosage of medication when simple lifestyle changes would help control the diabetes. Not focusing on the individual may result in Ivan Illich (1976) contribution to the Medicalisation theory being correct. Ivan Illich concluded “that there was limited success on treating many conditions but, in many cases, is actually harmful” (Rasheed, E., Heatherington, A., Irvine, J). “He claims that the medical profession actually harms public health by causing increased levels of illness and social problems through medical intervention” (Rasheed, E., Heatherington, A., Irvine, J).
The Socio-medical model of health and ill health “recognises the links between the social life and the body” (Rasheed, E., Heatherington, A., Irvine, J.). The Socio-medical model would have an individual examined by a medical professional in order for the professional to recommend lifestyle changes that would help control diabetes these include: controlled diet (control carb and sugar intake), regular daily exercise and a good sleeping pattern. Post-modernist believe that “there is increasing emphasis on the quality of life, self-determination (the idea that the individual is in charge of and is able to shape their own life) and healthy living” (Rasheed, E., Heatherington, A., Irvine, J.). This perspective on the subject of health and ill health links with the Socio-medical model as they promote healthy lifestyle choices and acknowledge the growth of facilities on offer, these include a larger leisure industry, health promoting and diet groups e.g. weight watchers and a better understanding of health. These views have an advantage of looking at what the environment can offer they value lifestyle choices before medical treatment. Although they look at these they don’t take in to consideration the cost and the age of the individual, some facilities are often exclusive to adults over the age of 18 years and a lifestyle change may also be high cost and therefor many individuals from the different age groups may suffer.
Incidence of diagnosed diabetes amongst 65- 79 age group has significantly increased from 6.9 per 1000 in 1980 to 15.4 per 1000 in 2011.Graph below shows incidence rate of diabetes: (CDC, 21014.)
Diabetes has the ability to negatively impact quality of life. On average, life expectancy is reduced. “In Type 1 diabetes, the remaining life expectancy figures between those with Type 1 and those without reduces as the age range increased. In men, the difference between the 20 to 24 groups is 11 years, and 5 years in the 65 to 69 groups. Similarly, in women the difference is 14 years between the 20 to 24 groups, and 7 years in the 65 to 69 groups. In Type 2 diabetes, the average reduced life expectancy for someone...