Diabetes is a disease that affects millions of people and their families. It occurs when the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. According to American Diabetes Association about 24 million people in the United States have diabetes. Unfortunately, 6 million are unaware that they have the disease. Imagine if you were among one of those million who are unaware. Or imagine if someone you know were among one of those million who arenâ€™t aware of having diabetes. How would that affect you? How would that affect your love ones? Well, there are three main types of diabetes that you should be aware of.
Type I Diabetes accounts for approximately 10% of all diabetes cases. People with Type 1 diabetes are ...view middle of the document...
Some of the signs and symptoms of diabetes type 1 include: abnormal levels of sugar in the blood, frequent urination, extreme hunger and thirst, rapid or sudden weight loss, and tiredness.
Type II Diabetes accounts for approximately 90% of diagnosed cases and for almost all of those that go undiagnosed. People with Type 2 diabetes can produce insulin, but their cells don't respond to it. Scientists have yet to determine exactly what causes Type II diabetes, but they do know that it is caused by multiple factors. The factors can vary from person to person. Some of the factors are being overweight and heredity. Some of the signs and symptoms of diabetes type 2 are blurred vision, repeated hard-to-heal infections of the gums, skin, or bladder, and tingling of loss of feeling in hands or feet.
Gestational Diabetes affects 4% of pregnant women. This condition normally appears during the second trimester of the pregnancy. Women who have this problem have to adjust their diet and, sometimes, inject insulin daily.
Without a doubt, diabetes is serious, especially if left untreated, because it may lead to dangerous health complications. â€œOn a worldwide basis it is expected that the cases of diabetes will double within the next twenty years, and that is in the U.S. alone.â€ As such diabetes is considered one of the leading causes of death in this country. Finding out you have diabetes may be scary. Whether it is diabetes type 1 or type 2 or even gestational diabetes, it is something you do have to live with day in and day out if you have it, but that doesnâ€™t mean you canâ€™t enjoy living your life.
1. William T. Cefalu. Stop Diabetes Now: A Ground Breaking Program for Controlling Your Disease and Staying Healthy. Avery Publishing Group 2008.
2. Rosemarie Perrin and Seth Braunstein. Living with Diabetes. Sterling 2007.
3. www.diabetes.org/about-diabetes.jsp (American Diabetes Association)