Diabetes is the condition in which the body does not properly process food for use as energy. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugars to build up in your blood, this is why many people refer to diabetes as Sugar.
Diabetes prevalence in the UK is estimated to rise to 5 million by 2025, Type 2 diabetes in particular has been growing at the ...view middle of the document...
In the long term, persistent hyperglycemia, even if not severe, can lead to complications affecting your eyes, kidneys, nerves and heart.
Hypoglycemia occurs when the level of glucose present in the blood falls below a set point:
1. Below 4 mmol/L (72mg/dL)
Being aware of the early signs of hypoglycemia will allow you to treat your low blood glucose levels quickly in order to bring them back into the normal range. It is also recommended to make close friends and family aware of the signs of hypoglycemia in case you fail to recognise the symptoms.
Most people would recognise the classic symptoms of diabetes,
1. Weight Loss
2. Thirst and Polyuria,
Sometimes the symptoms cause diagnostic confusion, particularly in the elderly, and may result in an inappropriate or unnecessary referral to the wrong speciality. Service Users may present with confusion, memory loss, paraesthesia, mood changes and recurrent infections, particularly vaginal candidiasis. Persistent diarrhoea or vomiting may be a manifestation of early autonomic neuropathy. Sexual dysfunction in women, as well as men, is an increasingly recognised complication, and may be the presenting symptom of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, but usually appears before the age of 40, particularly in childhood. Around 10% of all diabetes is type 1, but it's the most common type of childhood diabetes. This is why it's sometimes called juvenile diabetes or early-onset diabetes.
In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas a small gland behind the stomach doesn't produce any insulin the hormone that regulates blood glucose levels. This is why it's also sometimes called insulin-dependent diabetes. If the amount of glucose in the blood is too high, it can, over time, seriously damage the body's organs.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body doesn't produce enough insulin to function properly, or the body’s cells don't react to insulin. This means that glucose stays in the blood and isn't used as fuel for energy. The high blood sugar level makes you:
1. Feel thirsty
2. Urinate more than usual, particularly at night
3. Feel tired all the time
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes occurs as a result of the body being unable to produce insulin, which moves glucose out of the blood and into your cells to be used for energy. Without insulin, your body will break down its own fat and muscle, resulting in weight loss. This can lead to a serious short-term condition called diabetic ketoacidosis, where the bloodstream becomes acidic and you develop dangerous levels of dehydration. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition, where the immune system the body's natural defense against infection and illness mistakes the cells in your pancreas as harmful and attacks them.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal blood glucose level, or the body is unable to use the...