Diabetes Mellitus Essay

1014 words - 5 pages

Over six million Americans have a chronic (slow onset, sneaky symptoms, and long term) disease (illness) called Diabetes Mellitus (a disease that causes an insulin deficiency). Insulin (a hormone that produces by the pancreas) is very important when it comes to metabolizing carbohydrates. Many people do not even know that they have this disease. Those who do not know often go undiagnosed (not knowing the resulted decision).
In the United States alone, nearly twenty billion dollars has been spent in health care costs annually according to a new study performed by Dr. Yiduo Zhang of the Lewin Group in Falls Church, Virgina. Dr. Zhang and his fellow colleagues have studied a health care ...view middle of the document...

The microvascular complications ranged from the kidney (organ responsible for producing urine) to the retina (part of the eye that has light sensitive cells that connect directly to the brain), and even the nerves. Complications of the nerves, also called neuropathy ( any disease process of the nerve) was found in the extremities (outermost part) of the arms and legs. Macrovascular complications have been found in the heart (a muscular organ that circulates blood throughout the body). Heart disease (an illness of the heart) and stroke (an interruption of normal blood flow to the brain). Blood plasma (the fluid part of the blood) has been found to be thiamin deficient in Diabetics. The complications showed problems in the endothelial cells (cells that line the entire vascular system). An increased risk of atherosclerosis (a condition of hardening of the arteries) has been discovered also. There has been a higher rate of thiamin found coming from the blood to the urine (acidic fluid produced by the kidneys).
There are many complications from Diabetes. Prevention is vital when it comes to keeping the complications down to a minimum. Diet and exercise are just a few of the factors that can help prevent and treat Diabetes. Kathy Tigue, a Registered Dietician and Certified Diabetes Educator brought these intricacies into focus. Diabetics who smoke have a triple chance of dying from a cardiovascular (heart and blood vessels) disease. There can be a risk of increased infection (contaminated disease), dental (relating to the teeth), and foot (the metatarsals of the body) problems.
Even the skeletal (the supporting framework of the body) muscle (an organ that has fibrous tissue) can be affected by Diabetes.
If there happens to be an incident of hyperglycemia (high blood glucose level) or hypoglycemia (low blood glucose level), they can be treated. Hyperglycemia can be prevented by eating foods that are high in fiber and minimally processed. Hypoglycemia can be treated by simply drinking four ounces of orange juice. The key to treating hypoglycemia is fast absorption.
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