Diagnosis Of Adhd In Youth Essay

1626 words - 7 pages

Diagnosis of ADHD in Youth

Brent Townes


November 10, 2014
Crystal Hicks

Diagnosis of ADHD in Youth

There have been a lot of studies done on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in the school aged children of today. The Center for Dieses Control and Prevention has completed a mass survey that states 1 and 5 school aged boys has been diagnosed with ADHD, and 11 percent of school aged children overall (ages 4-17 years old). Approximately 6.4 million have been diagnosed as of 2011. This number has increased from 7.8% in 2003 to 11% in 2011. Boys are 13.2% more likely than girls at 5.6% to ever be diagnosed with ADHD. The diagnosis of ADHD is a real ...view middle of the document...

It also difficult for the child to pay attention to details and maybe forgetful. The next type is called, Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation. Some of the signs with this diagnosis consist of; the child will fidget a lot or not be able to sit still for a period of time. They may also be impulsive and interrupt others a lot, or speak at inappropriate times. One concern with the impulsiveness is that a child can injure them self a lot more frequently than others. The last type of diagnosis is called a Combined Presentation, this consist of just what it says and has symptoms of the other two types of ADHD diagnosed in youth.

Causes of ADHD
There are many theories as to what causes ADHD, and there are myths to go along with the diagnosis of ADHD. Currently research does not prove that ADHD is caused from eating too much sugar, playing too many video games or watching too much television. Recent studies have shown that genetics can play a role in being diagnosed with ADHD. In addition to genetics, doctors have been researching the possibilities of a few other ideas as to the cause of ADHD. These are a few of the new thoughts of what are causing ADHD in the youth of today; brain injuries, alcohol and or tobacco during pregnancy, environmental exposure, premature delivery, and low birth weight. Although we do not know what is truly causing ADHD, researchers are continuing to search for the missing link and cause of ADHD in youth.

Percentage of kids diagnosed with ADHD
The current percentage of kids being diagnosed with ADHD seems to change with the different sources that you use, so I will be basing all of my stats off the Center for Disease Control and Preventions website (www.CDC.gov). According to the CDC there is currently 11% of the population of adolescents, ages 4-17 approximately 6.4 million kids in the United States alone that have been diagnosed with ADHD. That number has climbed by 5% per year from 2003 to 2011. The average male is 13.2% more likely than females at 5.6% to ever be diagnosed with ADHD. Some of the reasoning behind so many kids being diagnosed with ADHD today is that some of the doctors are overworked or not trained well enough in this subject. To have a child tested I believe that there should be more than one opinion on if the child has ADHD or not.

Medications Options
If a child is diagnosed with a case of ADHD there is a vast number of options for treatment. One of the most popular options that is out there is to put them on a stimulant medication such as Ritalin, Adderall, and Dexedrine. The stimulant drugs come in a short acting and long acting form, and they are the most commonly used medication for kids with ADHD. They also have the most research and studies to back them up as a good medication to help children focus on their work or studies. There are also non-stimulant medications that you can try, and they include; Strattera, atypical antidepressants, and...

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