Dialogue And Monologue In Antigone And A Doll's House

1679 words - 7 pages

Despite the differing plots and ideas of different works of literature, speech is consistently used to support the theme and main message of each piece of work. The theme of a play is presented to the audience or the readers through the characters’ portrayal of symbols, through events and conflicts, and through using direct statements in the speech. Dialogues and monologues in both plays, Antigone, written by Sophocles and A Doll’s House, written by Henrik Ibsen, effectively advance the principle themes of each play. Speech develops the themes of the plays as it presents events, reveals personalities of characters and the themes are explicitly stated through the dialogue/speech in both the ...view middle of the document...

state. Sophocles gives evidence to breaking of the state rules in order to honor the Gods’ rules. Furthermore, the playwright shows Kreon’s position on the idea of state rules and their superiority over religious laws. The dialogue, therefore, shapes both sides of the theme of individual vs. state, and it supports and enhances the major theme of individual vs. state.
Furthermore, in Ibsen’s play, A Doll’s House, one of the important themes is deception. Ibsen uses dialogue between several characters of a play to inform the readers and audience of events, and therefore, develop this theme. For example, Dr. Rank speaks with Nora, and explains how his disease will soon cause his death. He makes sure that Nora does not tell Helmer of this, as Dr. Rank does not believe that Torvald can handle unpleasant news. In Act II, Dr. Rank says, “Probably within a month I shall lie rotting in the churchyard. Helmer’s refined nature gives him an unconquerable disgust at everything that is ugly; I won’t have him in my sickroom” (Ibsen 37, 38). From Dr. Rank’s private discussion with Nora, it is made clear that he is deceiving his friend, Helmer. Dr. Rank’s frequent visits to Helmer and Nora support the play’s theme of deception in yet another way. His motivations to visit the Helmer couple are not only to see his good friend Torvald. It is later revealed in the plot of the play (through dialogue) that Dr. Rank is in love with Nora, his best friend’s wife. This shows the deception of Dr. Rank, supporting this theme of the play. In addition, through Nora’s first conversation with Mrs. Linde, Ibsen presents one of the major conflicts: Nora’s secret and Helmer’s unawareness of it. She says, “ Speak low. Suppose Torvald were to hear! It was I who saved Torvald’s life. Papa didn’t give us a shilling. It was I who procured the money” (Ibsen 10, 11). From her dialogue with Mrs. Linde, the audience and the readers can conclude Nora’s deception, therefore, developing this important theme. Through the presentation of events in a dialogue and/or monologue, the main theme of a play is advanced.
The personalities of characters, which are symbols in the underlying themes of a play, are revealed through the use of speech and conversation. In Antigone, King Kreon’s character is revealed, through several conversations, and it is clear that his personality symbolizes the adherence to state laws in one of the themes of the play, individual vs. state laws. In his conversations with other characters, Kreon always mentions the importance of state laws, referring back to theme. For example, when speaking about Antigone, he says, “Laws were made. She broke them. Rebellion to think of it, then to do it and do it again, now more defiance …” (Sophocles l. 584-587). He also says, “… I shall not stay silent if I see disaster marching against our citizens, and I shall not befriend the enemy of this land. For the state is safety. I shall honor [only] the friends of the state”...

Other Essays Like Dialogue and Monologue in Antigone and a Doll's House

Anna Karenina and A Doll's House: Feminist and Marxist Critisism

874 words - 4 pages Introduction At the time Anna Karenina and A Doll’s House were written, both published around the 1870s, Russian women were primarily under the control of their fathers and husbands. For this very reason, marriage was, in a way, a career goal for Russian women at that time. This feeds into the marxist theme because every character in each novel is In both Anna Karenina and A Doll’s House, the problems Anna and Nora face from the marxist

The Theme In Ibsen's A Doll's House

958 words - 4 pages The Theme in Ibsen's A Doll's HouseThe Doll's house is one of the strongest plays that Ibsen has produced in the way of character painting and artistic handling of situations. There has always been a very big and noticeable gap in the roles that both women and men play in the everyday societal developments. During the late nineteenth century women were enslaved in their gender roles while the roles assigned to men were also explored. The

A Doll's House 3

4183 words - 17 pages be intuitive and deficient. In 1879, Ibsen sent Nora Helmer out into the world with a demand that a woman too must have the freedom to develop as an adult, independent, and responsible person.3 The playwright was now over 50, and had finally been recognized outside of the Nordic countries. "Pillars of Society" had admittedly opened the German borders for him, but it was "A Doll's House" and "Ghosts" (1881) which in the 1880s led him into the

A Doll's House 5

727 words - 3 pages a loan her husband or father must sign off on it, Nora forged her father’s signature on the contract. Krogstad is using this information to blackmail Nora into convincing her husband to allow him to keep him job at the bank. Nora refuses, and Krogstad says if she does not he will inform her husband of the whole ordeal. Ibsen published A Doll’s House in 1876. At that time for a woman to arrange a loan contract was uncommon. But, Nora did not

A Doll's House

2357 words - 10 pages Often in literature characters are presented as victims of society. There are many examples of this in Henrik Ibsen’s controversial play, “A Doll’s House”. Written during the Victorian era, Ibsen’s play would have raised a lot controversy on the roles of males and females in society. The audience would have noticed the constant similarities between themselves and the characters that are presented as victims of

A Push to Freedom in Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House

1436 words - 6 pages his plays written around the same time period: the characters willingly exist in a situation of untruth or inadequate truth which conceals conflict and contradiction ( ). In "A Doll's House", Nora's independent nature is in contradiction the tyrannical authority of Torvald. This conflict is concealed by the way they both hide their true selves from society, each other, and ultimately themselves. Just like Nora and Torvald, every

New Year's Changes In Henrik Isben's A Doll's House

1459 words - 6 pages their concern for others. A concurrent injustice occurs in Henrik Ibsen's play, A Doll's House. The play's characters, motifs, and symbols support it's theme; the sacrifices and decisions pushed onto women by society have hampered them from pursuing their own lives, but there is hope to overcome it. The two minor women characters, Anne and Mrs. Linde, both make sacrifices for different people in order to make life better for others. During the

"Henrik Ibsen's" A Doll's House

715 words - 3 pages Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's HouseIn Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House, the main male character, Torvald Helmer, speaks very condescendingly to his wife, Nora throughout the first act of the play. He has a definite and narrow definition of a woman's role, which is clearly exemplified in his dialect towards his wife as well as in reference to her. In his opinion, it is the divine duty of a woman to be a good wife to her husband and a good mother to her

A Doll's House-Opinion Paper

994 words - 4 pages “You and I both would have to transform ourselves to the point that- Oh Torvald, I’ve stopped believing in miracles…that our living together could be a true marriage.” A very dramatic ending to the play, “A Doll’s House” written by Henrik Ibsen in 1879. This play is based on Ibsen’s opinion toward the roles of society in those times and how the female gender was treated. In the play, you are able to apprehend Ibsen’s belief about the roles of

A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen: Do Women Have Rights to Choose and the Ability to Act Accordingly?

985 words - 4 pages Freedom: Do women have rights to choose and the ability to act accordingly? The answer to this question may seem to be an obvious “no”, or “not really” at least, when we first read “A Doll’s House”. However, in very detailed parts Ibsen did in fact give hints to suggest otherwise. Throughout the story, Nora interpreted “freedom” differently. At first Nora remarked that when she could pay back all the debts she would be “without a care

Criticle Analysis of a Doll's House

2586 words - 11 pages Critical Analysis of "A Doll's House" by Henrik Ibsen Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House was a controversial play for its time because it questioned society's basic rules and norms. Multiple interpretations can be applied to the drama, which allows the reader to appreciate many different aspects of the play. This paper examines how both Feminist and Marxist analyses can be applied as literary theories in discussing Ibsen's play because both center

Related Papers

Determinism And Free Will In A Doll's House

835 words - 4 pages Perhaps the most crucial theme in A Doll's House is determinism and free will. It is a theme that encapsulates many of the other themes of the play, and forces the audience of the play to ask the question; to what extent are the characters in play influenced by society?Or are they purely guided by their own free will?. These question could just as easily be applied to the world today as it could in 19th century Europe. During the play we see

Women's Issues In And Concerning A Doll's House

1513 words - 7 pages Women’s Issues In and Concerning A Doll’s House A Doll’s House was a groundbreaking play upon its original theatrical release. Critics were extremely negative at first, as demonstrated by Rosefeldt’s opinion, “In Henrik Ibsens A Dolls House, Nora abandons her children. This offense against motherhood shocked the plays original audience just as it shocks some students of literature today. Certainly the play questions the real definition of

A Comparison Between Halfway House And A Doll's House

2698 words - 11 pages isolation only frays and weakens bonds. It is the spring of disharmony and dissatisfaction in A Doll’s House and the spring of uneasy incompleteness in Halfway House. For any marriage to be successful, it is a given that both the husband and the wife must know and understand each other – feelings, motives, ideas and emotions thoroughly. It also goes without saying that a stable marriage is the foundation stone of a happy family. But neither Nora

Living In A Doll's House Essay

580 words - 3 pages Kareem Abdul Jabar Mr. Gene Simmons Communications Two, A Doll House analysis 9 November 1975 The Ragdoll That Once Was Nora Helmer Henrik Ibsen’s play, “A Doll House,” was written in 1879, which was during a time when women and men’s roles in society were looked at as being two completely separate entities, and equality between the sexes was nowhere near in sight. While men were meant to go out and provide financial support for the