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Disarmament And Nuclear Non Proliferation Essay

3397 words - 14 pages


School of World Economy and International Affairs

Foreign Languages Department

Disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation

Dmitry M. Kuritsyn

group 429




1. Historical background ……………………………………………….5
1. Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I)…………………5
2. New non-proliferation agreement……………………………………6
1. New START ………………………………………………….7
2. The future of disarmament ……………………………………10

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The issue of nuclear disarmament is deemed to be especially essential and acute against the backdrop of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime’s crisis.

The outcome of the bilateral dialogue should be of vital importance to Russia, because its nuclear strength, besides being so far the only area, where it is equally competitive to the United States, is yet the warranty of national security. The New START Treaty has sparked numerous discussions and controversial judgments from both Russian and overseas experts. It means that even today it’s far from obvious whether the changes in the US approach towards the disarmament may bring about any considerable benefits or will be yet another attempts of the United States to draw the encouragement of the global community and to raise the profile of the US that suffered a significant downfall during the tenure of George Bush Jr. Anyway the progress in the dialogue shall be quite significant for both the future of Russian-US relations alone and global strategic stability together with the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime performance.

It is exactly why this particular topic is worthy of all-round study and evaluation.

The particular goal of my work is to evaluate the development of bilateral nuclear disarmament process with a special focus towards the New START Treaty. In the course of my study, I was supposed to learn in details the provisions and the essence of the START I Treaty in the context of the international situation at that time, whereas the New START Treaty should naturally be considered through the lense of the START I. I was also expected to answer the question if the New START would really contribute to significant strengthening of strategic stability and eventually become a foundation for curbing arms race, or, otherwise, it should be considered as a strictly next step towards further arrangements between the parties.

In preparation of my research paper I referred to the original texts of the most important arrangements between USSR/Russia and the US in the area of nuclear disarmament, as well as formal statements and declarations of the high ranking officials pertinent to this issue published, e.g., in such collections of the official documents as “Soviet Union in Struggle for the Disarmament”, “USSR’s Fight Against Nuclear Danger and Arms Race, Towards Disarmament”. Besides those collections, I referred to the documents and information available through online sources like,, A large variety of monograph publications was also of great help.

Historical background

In the aftermath of the Soviet Union’s dissolution the global situation underwent dramatic changes. So did the Russian and US approaches towards the concept of nuclear disarmament as well as its place in the priorities of their respective international policies. Across the 1990-s and early 2000-s the issue of reduction and limitation of nuclear weapons is gradually...

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