Disaster Management Cycle
The disaster cycle or the disaster life cycle consists of the steps that emergency managers take in planning for and responding to disasters. Each step in the disaster cycle correlates to part of the ongoing cycle that is emergency management. This disaster cycle is used throughout the emergency management community, from the local to the national and international levels.
The disaster management personnel are trained to assist in such happenings. Disasters can be categorized into four different types – natural disasters (including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and floods) environmental disasters (manmade incidents which result from the environment in which they occur, such as an explosion on an oil rig) complex emergencies (situations which arise due to political unrest, such as uprisings and civil wars) and pandemic ...view middle of the document...
Escape routes, safety shelters and designated areas for pets need to be detailed in these plans so as to avoid any confusion.
It is also of utmost importance that any building designs and environmental planning are structured around the threat of disaster, as any new additions to an area can easily upset the points detailed in the plan.
2. Preparedness and early warning: Monitoring and spreading awareness of weather patterns, changes in patterns and deviations from these patterns are key in helping prevent natural disasters. Any change in seismic movements also needs to be noted, as do any threats of uprisings. Regular safety checks need to be made and maintained in potentially hazardous environments, such as nuclear plants and oil refineries.
It is important to note that nothing should be taken as insignificant, and even the smallest change in activity should be taken as a warning, as the preparation that comes from this could help save countless lives.
3. Decisive relief and response: In emergencies, one of the best things that can be done to minimize destruction is to act quickly. A quick, decisive response could be the difference between what saves and kills hundreds. It is, therefore, of utmost importance that all options are weighed up and discussed beforehand, so that when the disaster strikes, the fastest response can be made and relief management solutions can quickly be put in place.
4. Recovery and rehabilitation: Often this is the most difficult and time consuming phase, and the time frame can be from weeks, to weeks and even years. The purpose of this phase is to assist victims and the governments of the countries to rebuild physical structures such as houses, roads and bridges and to get the economy of the region back on its feet again. Disaster management officials and humanitarian volunteers play a vital role in this process.
The cycle of Disaster management