Disaster Relief Management
The Good and Bad of Disaster Relief
Public Administration and Policy 311
Whether you are from Oklahoma or New Jersey, Florida, California, Texas, Haiti, Thailand or Japan; Mother Nature holds no punches when it comes to dishing out her forms of friendly storms. Natural disasters have made a major financial, physical and mental impact on the people of the world. When disaster strikes and people are forced out of there neighborhood and homes, people want to know that when something like this happens, there is someone there to have their back; a piece of mind. In 1979, the Federal Emergency Management Agency was formed ...view middle of the document...
” Another violent natural disaster is an earthquake. “An earthquake is the sudden, rapid shaking of the earth, caused by the breaking and shifting of subterranean rock as it releases strain that has accumulated over a longtime.” Because of the unpredictability of earthquakes, the damage can be catastrophic; the earth could be displaced or broken, business could be burnt to the ground and people could lose their lives and properties. One such damage that happened in the United States was the 1989 earthquake in San Francisco, California. The estimated cost of the damage to the city of San Francisco was estimated at 3 billion dollars. Even though earthquakes often happen along fault line, they can happen anywhere in the United States. Unlike the earthquake that struck San Francisco, California; hurricanes forms in the middle of the ocean and build strength based upon the temperature of the waters.
Growing up in rural North Carolina, I was always aware of what hurricanes could do. I had an aunt who was living in a mobile home during Hurricane Gloria. During the storm, the trailer home in which she lived was picked up by the wind and thrown some 30 miles away. She was found approximately 15 miles away in a swamp covered with tree limbs. The damage that was done to her and her home had a major financial and psychological impact on her and her family.
II. INTRODUCTION TO F.E.M.A.
On August 23, 2005 that powerful hurricane was forming in the Gulf of Mexico and her name is Katrina. August 29, Katrina makes land off the coast of Louisiana; a major levy fails and ocean water is flowing down the street in New Orleans. Due to the amount of rain and wind blowing this area, nearly 80 percent of the city of New Orleans was under water. After Hurricane Katrina has made land fall an estimated 90,000 square miles were damaged from Hurricane Katrina. Up until Hurricane Katrina took place, no one was acutely aware of the organization F.E.M.A. F.E.M.A. stands for the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and their mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from and mitigate all hazards. (FEMA) In fact, the Federal Emergency Management Agency was signed as an executive order by President Jimmy Carter in April 1, 1979. In order to be an effective agency, the following agencies and administrations disaster relief duties were consolidated; they were the Federal Insurance Administration, the National Fire Prevention and Control Administration, the National Weather Service Community Preparedness Program, the Federal Preparedness Agency of the General Services Administration, the Federal Disaster Assistance Administration activities from HUD, and the Civil Defense (which were transferred from the Defense Department's Defense Civil Preparedness Agency.) (FEMA)
In March 2003, the Federal Emergency Management...