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Discuss The Approach Martin Luther King Jr. And Malcolm X Took To Protest!

2195 words - 9 pages


In this essay, I will be discussing Martin Luther King and Malcolm X’s methods of protest. I will also talk about which one I agree with and why. Lastly, I will discuss what I would protest for and how.
Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X were two people who wanted the same thing for African–Americans when segregation against black people was a horrendous and disgusting outrage. They were civil rights activists who wanted African-Americans to have freedom, but they had different ideas as to how the goal should be achieved and went about it in completely different ways.

Martin was a well educated pacifist. ...view middle of the document...

He had a dream that his “four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character.”
And so in contrast to the violent methods used by many whites, such as releasing attack dogs and using powerful water hoses to control crowds, King organized marches. He also organised a bus boycott. After the arrest of Rosa Parks, it was decided that black people in Montgomery would refuse to use the buses until passengers were completely integrated. King was arrested and his house was fire-bombed. Others involved in the Montgomery Bus Boycott also suffered from harassment and intimidation, but the protest continued. For thirteen months the 17,000 black people in Montgomery walked to work or obtained lifts from the small car-owning black population of the city. Eventually, a decision by the Supreme Court forced the Montgomery Bus Company to accept integration and the boycott came to an end on 20th December, 1956. I think this was a huge achievement.
Martin was hugely influenced by Ghandi’s belief in nonviolence. King visited India and loved the fact that he did not witness anger while he was in India. After King talked to some of Gandhi's followers, he was convinced that nonviolence was the strongest way to help people to freedom.

Malcolm X on the other hand believed the black man had to get his freedom and that it was to be done “by any means necessary!”
Malcolm, whose name was originally Malcolm Little, had a difficult childhood as his father was murdered and several years later, his mother Louise suffered emotional breakdown and was committed to a mental institution. Her children – Malcolm and his brothers and sisters were split up amongst various foster homes and orphanages. Malcolm was a clever boy who wanted to become a lawyer but when a favourite teacher told Malcolm his dream was "no realistic goal for a nigger," Malcolm lost interest in school. He dropped out and eventually became involved with drugs and crime resulting in him being arrested. As you can see he was already exposed to a lot of violence at a young age and he believed the white man was the cause of a lot of the problems black men had.
It was in prison that he became part of The Nation of Islam. He became a devoted follower with the new surname "X." (He considered "Little" a slave name and chose the "X" to signify his lost tribal name.)He was appointed as a minister and national spokesman for the Nation of Islam.
Malcolm once said,
“If a dog is biting a black man, the black man should kill the dog, whether the dog is a police dog or a hound dog or any kind of dog. If a dog is fixed on a black man when that black man is doing nothing but trying to take advantage of what the government says is supposed to be his, then that black man should kill that dog or any two-legged dog who sets the dog on him…I don't even call it violence when it's in self defence; I call it intelligence.”
He did not agree...

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