• Diseases of affluence Less strenuous physical exercise, often through increased use of a car Easy accessibility in society to large amounts of low-cost food (relative to the much-lower caloric food availability in a subsistence economy) More food generally, with much less physical exertion expended to obtain a moderate amount of food More high fat and high sugar foods in the diet are common in the affluent developed economies of the late-twentieth century More foods which are processed, cooked, and commercially provided (rather than seasonal, fresh foods prepared locally at time of eating) Increased leisure time Prolonged periods of inactivity Greater use of alcohol and tobacco Longer life-spans . Explain how these cause disease.
• 8. Diseases of affluence Cardiovascular disease Read the article and summarise the main findings. This can take the ...view middle of the document...
Obesity in particular is thought to increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes and some kinds of cancer
• 10. Diseases of affluence Medical advances There are other factors in making people susceptible to diseases of affluence. Less exposure to pathogens and agents of infection from infancy on, and greater reliance on medication and antibiotics leave people with lower natural immunity than is usual, while longer lifespans inevitably increase the rate of old-age diseases. The conditions are ideal for the development of allergies, autoimmune diseases and asthma, among others.
• 11. Diseases of affluence Social factors Finally, more stress, longer work hours, and weakened social bonds resulting from independant housing, less leisure time and more car time, make alcohol, cigarettes and the like a common habit that often borders on substance abuse. Depression and other psychiatric disorders thrive, or are at least diagnosed more often.
• 12. Diseases of affluence Public health and sociological issues Traditionally, diseases of affluence have been thought to be more prevalant in developed countries but in the last ten years there has been a spike in numbers for virtually all in fast-growing developing countries such as China and India. In addition, in many developed countries the incidence of diseaes of affluence like obesity, diabetes, and heart disease and some cancers are ironically higher among the poorest section of society. Food is abundant and cheap, but of such poor quality as to have minimal nutrition.
• 13. Diseases of affluence Public health experts and sociologists now suggest that the reduced risk of diseases of poverty – communicable, water- and food-borne diseases like tuberculosis, typhoid, malaria, and infections – does not adequately compensate for the increased social cost as well as morbidity rates due to diseases of development or affluence. Others say the entire paradigm needs to be revisited, because of the medicalisation of society and individuals' problems.