Diseases Of The Systems Essay

609 words - 3 pages

Genetic Disorder: Huntington's Disease (HD)Huntington's Disease is a disease affecting the nervous system, specifically a defect in a gene located in the brain. The gene is called huntingtin of unknown function and it affects a loss of cells in the brain that are control movement and mental abilities. This disease also known as Huntington's Chorea is a fatal disease within fifteen to thirty years of diagnosis, which usually affect people, ages thirty-five to fifty both male and female. It is passed from one parent by a logic gene. If one parent has this gene, there is a 50% chance their child will inherit it. Symptoms affect mental function, movement, and personality. Nerve cells in the brain slowly begin to waste away and gradual loses mental function. Some symptoms ...view middle of the document...

It is caused by an infection of the worm-like organisms Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale. Both worms have similar life cycles producing eggs that eventually turn into larvae after six to seven weeks. They usually are found deep in soil and infect humans by being exposed to bare skin especially bare feet or hands on dirt. The larvae will bear into the skin and go to the right side of the heart where it is pumped into the lungs. The lungs become irritated and are coughed up into the small intestine where they attach and suck blood. These worms are especially found in the tropical areas. Some symptoms include:§Itchy, raised rash around the area the worm bored in§Abdominal pain§Weight loss§Fever§Coughing§Blood lossA single adult worm can live up to fourteen years in the host. This disease affects everyone including young children and infants. It is treated by iron supplements, blood transfusion, and medications such as: pyrantel pamoate and mebendazole.Pulmonary FibrosisPulmonary Fibrosis is a disease of the respiratory system, specifically scarring of the lungs. This disease develops when the alveoli, tiny air sacs, which transfer oxygen to the blood, became inflamed and infected. While the body tries to heal with scars, the scars usually cave in and cause the lungs to become less flexible. It can occur due to any lung disease such as: sarcoidosis, autoimmune diseases, environmental allergies, and exposure to toxic dusts. This disease affects both male and female usually between the ages of forty and sixty. Some symptoms are:üShortness of breathüWeight lossüFeverüDry coughüHeart failureUsually this disease is treated with immune suppressants like: corticosteroids, Cytoxan, and Imuran. Some patients do activities like: yoga, meditation, and music therapy to help relax.

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