Running Head: DNA
Do Not Resuscitate
HCA322: Health Care Ethics & Medical Law
Instructor: Eugene Elliott
March 4, 2014
Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) orders are medical directives to withhold efforts to revive a patient who has a cardiac or respiratory arrest (Lee, M. B., M.D. 2012). DNR laws started in the late 70s because of the extensive practice of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). An unending discussion about DNR has involved the level to which patients or their surrogate have to make the decision to agree to such orders. Throughout the late 70’s and early 80s, a lot hospitals normally made DNR orders that did not including an discussion with the ...view middle of the document...
(Lee, M.D. 2012)
I will present the different views about DNR, the disagreement and counter argument, also focusing on ethical laws in order to defend human rights, and right to die or to live. Furthermore the value of autonomy, persons Do Not Resuscitate, integrity, respect and human dignity should be considered in defending the authors’ claim of agreeing DNR orders and patients wills (Torke 2011).
According to Michigan State “The purpose of this policy is to provide a guideline to prehospital providers, who under certain circumstances may accommodate patients who do not wish to receive and/or may not benefit from cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This policy is drafted in accordance with Public Act 368 of 1978, as amended, as well as Act 192 and 193 of the Public Acts of 1996. This policy is intended to facilitate kind, humane, and compassionate service for patients who have executed a valid “Do-not-resuscitate order” under the aforementioned Acts (Michigan State)”
DNR different from an advance directive and healthcare power of attorney, a DNR order is not a document that everyone needs. You can make DNR order before you go to the hospital if you do not want CPR or other unexpected measures that will be used on you if you collapse at home. CPR have and can save lives, but the achievement rates are not high. If the patients are seriously ill, CPR has make things worse; it can leave the patient painful injuries or brain-damaged. According to research “For one physician’s view on the ineffectiveness of CPR on patients who are old or ill typically, people consider a DNR if they have a terminal illness or are at a high risk for cardiac or respiratory arrest. In the words of the Texas law authorizing DNR orders, the document serves allow a person “to forgo resuscitation attempts and … have a natural death with peace and dignity” (Tork 2011).
A pre-hospital DNR direction is usually an easy, one-page document; the patient will not need a lawyer to prepare it. Patient do need to talk to their physician, who will wittiness your signature on the DNR. In a lot states, you just need an adult witnesses or a notary public must also observe the patient sign the order. A lot of states have their own forms; and others, have the patient to just written it out. Their physician should be able to deliver the paperwork. Patient can find that a lot of states have the DNR forms online at the state health department’s website.
The patient should follow whatever laws or rules that their state enforces. If you look at Florida their DNR form have to be printed out on yellow paper. If it is not on the yellow paper it is not valid and the emergency medical department do not have to honor it. If the patient move to another state or spend considerable time there, you will need to get a DNR order that conforms with that state law (Sanderson 2013).
A pre-hospital DNR order would not have any result if the emergency medical staff does not see...